1,679 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Background selection and biased gene conversion affect more than 95% of the human genome and bias demographic inferences

    Fanny Pouyet et al.
    Background selection and GC-biased gene conversion impact the human genome to a much larger extent than previously recognized in low and high recombination rate regions, respectively.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Non-allelic gene conversion enables rapid evolutionary change at multiple regulatory sites encoded by transposable elements

    Christopher E Ellison, Doris Bachtrog
    Fully functional regulatory elements can arise rapidly from transposable elements via a novel route where non-allelic gene conversion can act to speed up the evolutionary fine-tuning of regulatory elements.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Non-crossover gene conversions show strong GC bias and unexpected clustering in humans

    Amy L Williams et al.
    In humans, non-crossover gene conversion events transmit GC alleles in 68% of cases and exhibit a complex pattern of multiple disconnected tracts clustered within 20–30 kilobase intervals.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    The genomic landscape of meiotic crossovers and gene conversions in Arabidopsis thaliana

    Erik Wijnker et al.
    A comprehensive and genome-wide description of the genomic make-up and frequency of meiotic recombination in Arabidopsis thaliana reveals regional preferences, including nucleosome-free regions, and two associated recombination motifs.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Concerted action of the MutLβ heterodimer and Mer3 helicase regulates the global extent of meiotic gene conversion

    Yann Duroc et al.
    Meiotic cells employ a specific pathway to limit the amount of gene conversion occuring at recombination sites.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Recombination, meiotic expression and human codon usage

    Fanny Pouyet et al.
    Variation in codon usage among functional categories of human genes is not due to selection for translation efficiency, but to differences in intragenic recombination rate, linked to variation in meiotic transcription level.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Long read sequencing reveals poxvirus evolution through rapid homogenization of gene arrays

    Thomas A Sasani et al.
    An adaptive process of genetic homogenization in poxviruses facilitates the propagation of single nucleotide variation within gene copies and might favor the persistence of large gene copy arrays.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Molecular safeguarding of CRISPR gene drive experiments

    Jackson Champer et al.
    Genes drives utilizing synthetic target sites and the split-Cas9 system have similar performance to standard drives.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Epigenetic regulation of mammalian Hedgehog signaling to the stroma determines the molecular subtype of bladder cancer

    SungEun Kim et al.
    Pharmacologic inhibition of DNA methylation restrains the growth of urothelial carcinoma by subtype conversion through heightened stromal Hedgehog pathway activity.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Chemical modulation of transcriptionally enriched signaling pathways to optimize the conversion of fibroblasts into neurons

    Joseph Herdy et al.
    An unbiased RNAseq based strategy to identify targetable pathways and a streamlined lentiviral system provide a state of the art advance on direct fibroblast to neuron conversion.

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