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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Novel LOTUS-domain proteins are organizational hubs that recruit C. elegans Vasa to germ granules

    Patricia Giselle Cipriani et al.
    Two novel LOTUS-domain proteins are core germ granule components that directly recruit Caenorhabditis elegans Vasa, regulate germ granule size and localization, and provide an organizational framework for ribonucleoprotein complexes.
    1. Neuroscience

    An hourglass circuit motif transforms a motor program via subcellularly localized muscle calcium signaling and contraction

    Steven R Sando et al.
    By driving the localized contraction of subcellular muscle regions, a single motor neuron reverses the flow of material in the Caenorhabditis elegans pharynx, a neuromuscular pump, converting feeding into spitting.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Pharmacological rescue of impaired mitophagy in Parkinson’s disease-related LRRK2 G2019S knock-in mice

    Francois Singh et al.
    The most common Parkinson’s disease-associated mutation, LRRK2 G2019S, impairs mitophagy in clinically relevant cells within the mouse brain and this defect can be reversed using a novel LRRK2 inhibitor.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Instability in NAD+ metabolism leads to impaired cardiac mitochondrial function and communication

    Knut H Lauritzen et al.
    Transgenic mice and cell models provide evidence of a pathophysiological mechanism that connects mtDNA damage to cardiac dysfunction via reduced NAD+ levels and loss of mitochondrial function and communication.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Medicine

    NICEdrug.ch, a workflow for rational drug design and systems-level analysis of drug metabolism

    Homa MohammadiPeyhani et al.
    NICEdrug.ch is a resource allowing systematic and large-scale computational analysis of drug biochemistry, enzymatic targets, and toxicity in the context of cellular metabolism.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    EPHX1 mutations cause a lipoatrophic diabetes syndrome due to impaired epoxide hydrolysis and increased cellular senescence

    Jeremie Gautheron et al.
    Disruption of epoxide hydrolysis inducing oxidative stress and cellular senescence is a novel mechanism responsible for lipoatrophic monogenic diabetes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A covariation analysis reveals elements of selectivity in quorum sensing systems

    Samantha Wellington Miranda et al.
    The extension of covariation analyses to proteins that coevolve but do not physically interact enabled identification of selectivity residues in quorum sensing proteins, providing insight into the evolution of signaling systems.
    1. Developmental Biology

    An adhesion G protein-coupled receptor is required in cartilaginous and dense connective tissues to maintain spine alignment

    Zhaoyang Liu et al.
    The regulation of the biomechanical properties of tendons/ligaments is essential for the maintenance of spine alignment in the mouse.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Homo-oligomerization of the human adenosine A2A receptor is driven by the intrinsically disordered C-terminus

    Khanh Dinh Quoc Nguyen et al.
    The C-terminus of A2A receptor drives oligomer formation via an intricate network of disulfide bonds, hydrogen bonds, electrostatic interactions, and hydrophobic interactions, all of which are enhanced by depletion interactions.
    1. Ecology

    Rapid spread of a densovirus in a major crop pest following wide-scale adoption of Bt-cotton in China

    Yutao Xiao et al.
    Exposure to Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) selects for beneficial interactions between the target insect pest (Helicoverpa armigera) and its symbiotic densovirus that enhances its performance on Bt-crops under field conditions.