2,489 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Non-allelic gene conversion enables rapid evolutionary change at multiple regulatory sites encoded by transposable elements

    Christopher E Ellison, Doris Bachtrog
    Fully functional regulatory elements can arise rapidly from transposable elements via a novel route where non-allelic gene conversion can act to speed up the evolutionary fine-tuning of regulatory elements.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The pioneer factor OCT4 requires the chromatin remodeller BRG1 to support gene regulatory element function in mouse embryonic stem cells

    Hamish W King, Robert J Klose
    The chromatin remodeller BRG1 is recruited to pluripotency-associated gene regulatory elements by the pioneer transcription factor OCT4 to support further transcription factor binding and gene regulation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Functional evaluation of transposable elements as enhancers in mouse embryonic and trophoblast stem cells

    Christopher D Todd et al.
    Genetic and epigenetic editing experiments establish causal links between transposon-derived enhancers and gene regulation in mouse embryonic and extraembryonic lineages.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Methylated cis-regulatory elements mediate KLF4-dependent gene transactivation and cell migration

    Jun Wan et al.
    A new paradigm of DNA methylation mediated gene activation and chromatin remodeling provides a general framework to dissect the biological functions of DNA methylation readers and effectors.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Epigenetic conservation at gene regulatory elements revealed by non-methylated DNA profiling in seven vertebrates

    Hannah K Long et al.
    Islands of non-methylated DNA are shown to perform a similar epigenetic role in many different vertebrate species.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Transcription factor MITF and remodeller BRG1 define chromatin organisation at regulatory elements in melanoma cells

    Patrick Laurette et al.
    The PBAF chromatin-remodelling complex is essential for the proliferation of melanocytes and melanoma cells and is recruited to critical regulatory elements by physical and functional interactions with MITF, a transcription factor and master regulator of melanoma.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dissecting the DNA binding landscape and gene regulatory network of p63 and p53

    Konstantin Riege et al.
    A resource of p63-regulated genes, genomic loci bound by p63, p63 DNA recognition motifs, and potential co-factors is generated through a meta-analysis of high-throughput datasets.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Single-cell multiomic profiling of human lungs reveals cell-type-specific and age-dynamic control of SARS-CoV2 host genes

    Allen Wang et al.
    Generation of a human lung single nucleus ATAC-seq and single nucleus RNA-seq datasets reveals candidate cis-regulatory elements that advance knowledge on gene expression control in normal and diseased lungs.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    FBXL19 recruits CDK-Mediator to CpG islands of developmental genes priming them for activation during lineage commitment

    Emilia Dimitrova et al.
    The ZF-CxxC protein FBXL19 recruits kinase-associated Mediator to CpG islands of silent developmental genes in embryonic stem cells, which primes these genes for activation during differentiation and is required for embryonic development.
    1. Neuroscience

    A low affinity cis-regulatory BMP response element restricts target gene activation to subsets of Drosophila neurons

    Anthony JE Berndt et al.
    DNA motifs tuned for low affinity binding of BMP-induced pMad/Medea transcription factors function to restrict gene activation to small subsets of the many Drosophila neurons that exhibit active BMP signaling.

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