1,539 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Specific lid-base contacts in the 26s proteasome control the conformational switching required for substrate degradation

    Eric R Greene et al.
    The 26S proteasome lid subcomplex acts as an external scaffold whose interactions with the ATPase motor stabilize the substrate-engagement-competent state, and control conformational changes upon engagement for subsequent degradation steps.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Extraction of active RhoGTPases by RhoGDI regulates spatiotemporal patterning of RhoGTPases

    Adriana E Golding et al.
    Through visualization of directly-labeled RhoGTPase both in vitro and in vivo, RhoGDI is found to spatiotemporally regulate RhoGTPase activity through the extraction of active RhoGTPase.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Asymmetrical diversification of the receptor-ligand interaction controlling self-incompatibility in Arabidopsis

    Maxime Chantreau et al.
    In-planta ancestral protein resurrection of the female determinant of self-incompatibility specificity in Arabidopsis halleri demonstrates that two allelic variants currently segregating as distinct receptor-ligand combinations diverged through an asymmetrical process.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Straightjacket/α2δ3 deregulation is associated with cardiac conduction defects in myotonic dystrophy type 1

    Emilie Auxerre-Plantié et al.
    Drosophila DM1 models suggest that elevated cardiac expression of straightjacket/α2δ3, a regulatory subunit of voltage-gated calcium channel, contributes to cardiac conduction defects in DM1.
    1. Cell Biology

    Direct comparison of clathrin-mediated endocytosis in budding and fission yeast reveals conserved and evolvable features

    Yidi Sun et al.
    Quantitative comparison of clathrin-mediated endocytosis in budding and fission yeast identified conserved mechanisms and species-specific adaptations with broad implications that extend from yeast to humans.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Novel genetic loci affecting facial shape variation in humans

    Ziyi Xiong et al.
    A comprehensive genome scan of 18,000 multi-ethnic individuals with 3-dimensional facial images highlighted multiple face-associated genetic loci for which regulatory activities in human neural cells were established.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Movement of accessible plasma membrane cholesterol by the GRAMD1 lipid transfer protein complex

    Tomoki Naito et al.
    GRAMD1 proteins sense a transient expansion of the accessible pool of plasma membrane cholesterol and facilitate its transport to the endoplasmic reticulum at ER-PM contact sites.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Evolution of C4 photosynthesis predicted by constraint-based modelling

    Mary-Ann Blätke, Andrea Bräutigam
    Constraint-based modelling predicts C4 photosynthesis evolves under resource limitation from an ancestral ground state of C3 photosynthesis and attributes divergent metabolic routes in extant C4 subtypes to light.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Receptor-specific interactome as a hub for rapid cue-induced selective translation in axons

    Max Koppers et al.
    Multiple axonal guidance receptors control the local and selective translation of mRNAs by binding to ribosomes, specific mRNAs and RNA-binding proteins.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The HCN domain couples voltage gating and cAMP response in hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channels

    Alessandro Porro et al.
    Experimental and computational approaches reveal how ligand binding is coupled to voltage sensing in a HCN channels.

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