4,746 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Architecture of TAF11/TAF13/TBP complex suggests novel regulation properties of general transcription factor TFIID

    Kapil Gupta et al.
    Integrative structural biology reveals a novel complex comprising the TATA-box-binding protein, TBP, and two subunits, TAF11 and TAF13, of General Transcription Factor TFIID, suggesting a new regulatory state in TFIID function in RNA polymerase II transcription initiation.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Identification of the transcription factor ZEB1 as a central component of the adipogenic gene regulatory network

    Carine Gubelmann et al.
    A large-scale transcription factor screen reveals over twenty novel adipogenic regulators: most notably ZEB1, which exerts essential transcriptional control of fat cell differentiation.
    1. Plant Biology

    Cell elongation is regulated through a central circuit of interacting transcription factors in the Arabidopsis hypocotyl

    Eunkyoo Oh et al.
    Signals from major hormones and the environment are integrated in the Arabidopsis hypocotyl to control gene expression and plant stem elongation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Requirements for RNA polymerase II preinitiation complex formation in vivo

    Natalia Petrenko et al.
    The requirements for preinitiation complex formation/stability and transcription by RNA polymerase II in yeast cells are different from those in vitro, thereby altering the current view of basal transcription.
    1. Plant Biology

    Fluctuations of the transcription factor ATML1 generate the pattern of giant cells in the Arabidopsis sepal

    Heather M Meyer et al.
    Fluctuations of a transcription factor that coincide with the G2 phase of the cell cycle pattern two interspersed cell fates in a multicellular system.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Intrinsic cooperativity potentiates parallel cis-regulatory evolution

    Trevor R Sorrells et al.
    Cooperativity between two transcription regulators occurs through protein-protein interactions with a general transcription factor complex and potentiates the parallel evolution of their DNA binding sites.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Loss of the transcription factor Meis1 prevents sympathetic neurons target-field innervation and increases susceptibility to sudden cardiac death

    Fabrice Bouilloux et al.
    The transcription factor Meis1 is a dedicated maintenance factor for sympathetic neurons and controls the expression of key genes involved in endosome trafficking.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Multi-species, multi-transcription factor binding highlights conserved control of tissue-specific biological pathways

    Benoit Ballester et al.
    Combinatorial transcription factor binding shared by multiple species enriches for essential biological pathways and coincides with disease-causing regulatory DNA mutations.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The primary σ factor in Escherichia coli can access the transcription elongation complex from solution in vivo

    Seth R Goldman et al.
    The sigma subunit of bacterial RNA polymerase, classically known as an initiation factor, can also operate as an elongation factor with effects that vary with growth phase.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Comparison of transcriptional initiation by RNA polymerase II across eukaryotic species

    Natalia Petrenko, Kevin Struhl
    Although the preinitiation complex for transcriptional initiation by RNA polymerase II contains highly conserved general transcription factors, there are kinetic and compositional differences in the initiation process among eukaryotic species.

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