1,952 results found
    1. Medicine

    Aorta smooth muscle-on-a-chip reveals impaired mitochondrial dynamics as a therapeutic target for aortic aneurysm in bicuspid aortic valve disease

    Mieradilijiang Abudupataer et al.
    An aorta smooth muscle-on-a-chip model indicated that NOTCH1 insufficiency in HAoSMCs induced phenotypic switching from a contractile to a synthetic phenotype accompanied by an impairment of mitochondrial fusion, implying its potential role as a therapeutic target for BAV-TAA.
    1. Medicine

    Heparin-binding motif mutations of human diamine oxidase allow the development of a first-in-class histamine-degrading biopharmaceutical

    Elisabeth Gludovacz et al.
    Because heparin-binding motif mutations of human diamine oxidase (hDAO) block cellular uptake and strongly decrease clearance in vivo, modified recombinant hDAO might be a good candidate for the treatment of symptoms induced by excessive endogenous histamine release.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The development of active binocular vision under normal and alternate rearing conditions

    Lukas Klimmasch et al.
    A new computational model explains how alternate rearing conditions affect the development of binocular vision.
    1. Neuroscience

    Classification and genetic targeting of cell types in the primary taste and premotor center of the adult Drosophila brain

    Gabriella R Sterne et al.
    A split-GAL4 collection provides precise genetic targeting of 138 neuronal cell types in the subesophageal zone of adult Drosophila melanogaster.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Whole-organism 3D quantitative characterization of zebrafish melanin by silver deposition micro-CT

    Spencer R Katz et al.
    Melanin staining for micro-CT imaging, using a novel application of ionic silver deposition, enables qualitative and quantitative 3D analysis of zebrafish pigmentation and reveals subtle phenotypes missed by light microscopy.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    SUV39 SET domains mediate crosstalk of heterochromatic histone marks

    Alessandro Stirpe et al.
    Clr4, a highly conserved SUV39 histone methyltransferase, requires its SET domain to sense histone H3K14 ubiquitination in order to maintain heterochromatin and H3K9 methylation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A nascent polypeptide sequence modulates DnaA translation elongation in response to nutrient availability

    Michele Felletti et al.
    Specific amino acids in the N-terminus of the replication initiator protein DnaA inhibit translation elongation upon carbon starvation, illustrating that the identity of the N-terminal amino acids of a protein can modulate protein synthesis yield under changing conditions.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Translational control of polyamine metabolism by CNBP is required for Drosophila locomotor function

    Sonia Coni et al.
    A decrease of the type 2 myotonic dystrophy gene product CNBP causes an impairment of polyamine metabolism and locomotor dysfunction that can be reverted with polyamine supplementation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Regulation of human mTOR complexes by DEPTOR

    Matthias Wälchli et al.
    Structural and functional analysis reveals the mechanistic basis for mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-dependent roles of DEP domain-containing mTOR interacting protein (DEPTOR) in cancer and metabolic regulation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Bipartite binding and partial inhibition links DEPTOR and mTOR in a mutually antagonistic embrace

    Maren Heimhalt et al.
    The inhibitory protein DEPTOR make two widely separated interactions with mTOR that are both necessary for its unique partial mTOR inhibition, and DEPTOR is a more potent inhibitor of mutation- or RHEB-activated mTORC1 than basal mTORC1.

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