405 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    GLI transcriptional repression regulates tissue-specific enhancer activity in response to Hedgehog signaling

    Rachel K Lex et al.
    GLI3 represses Hedgehog target gene expression by regulating histone modifications at a subset of tissue-specific GLI-bound enhancers.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Two roles for the yeast transcription coactivator SAGA and a set of genes redundantly regulated by TFIID and SAGA

    Rafal Donczew et al.
    The transcription coactivators SAGA and TFIID have redundant function at a subset of yeast genes while SAGA also contributes to transcription of all genes through regulation of chromatin modifications.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Development, calibration, and validation of a novel human ventricular myocyte model in health, disease, and drug block

    Jakub Tomek et al.
    A computer model of human cardiomyocyte was produced and validated on independent datasets, overcoming shortcomings of its predecessors, also yielding broadly relevant insights and results on major ionic currents.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Indirect sexual selection drives rapid sperm protein evolution in abalone

    Damien Beau Wilburn et al.
    An NMR-based structural study of sperm proteins reveals a novel protein packaging/dispersion system embedded in a coevolutionary arms race.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Roles of C/EBP class bZip proteins in the growth and cell competition of Rp (‘Minute’) mutants in Drosophila

    Jorge Blanco et al.
    Xrp1 contributes to cell competition as a heterodimer with the Drosophila C/EBP homolog Irbp18 and although rapidly evolving is itself conserved beyond Drosophila.
    1. Plant Biology

    Homeostasis of branched-chain amino acids is critical for the activity of TOR signaling in Arabidopsis

    Pengfei Cao et al.
    Despite BCAAs being de novo-synthesized in chloroplasts, TOR activation by BCAAs is conserved in plants and triggers a re-organization of actin and actin-associated endomembranes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Meta-Research: Releasing a preprint is associated with more attention and citations for the peer-reviewed article

    Darwin Y Fu, Jacob J Hughey
    An analysis of more than 70,000 journal articles, including 5405 that were first released as a preprint on bioRxiv, shows that articles with a preprint received 49% more attention and 36% more citations than articles without one.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Evolution of C4 photosynthesis predicted by constraint-based modelling

    Mary-Ann Blätke, Andrea Bräutigam
    Constraint-based modelling predicts C4 photosynthesis evolves under resource limitation from an ancestral ground state of C3 photosynthesis and attributes divergent metabolic routes in extant C4 subtypes to light.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reliability of an interneuron response depends on an integrated sensory state

    May Dobosiewicz et al.
    A pair of interneurons in C. elegans condenses information from multiple sensory neurons into a uniform response, using an AND-gate logic to represent a stimulus with positive valence.
    1. Neuroscience

    Thermosensitive alternative splicing senses and mediates temperature adaptation in Drosophila

    Ane Martin Anduaga et al.
    Temperature controls the circadian clock by directly regulating the alternative splicing of timeless..

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