4,581 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The role of P2Y12 in the kinetics of microglial self-renewal and maturation in the adult visual cortex in vivo

    Monique S Mendes et al.
    Adult microglia are born by the division of single surviving microglia that rapidly acquire mature morphologies and functions in order to perform their physiological roles in the brain.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Quantitative live-cell imaging and computational modeling shed new light on endogenous WNT/CTNNB1 signaling dynamics

    Saskia MA de Man et al.
    Genome editing, advanced live-cell microscopy, and computational modeling were combined to measure WNT/CTNNB1 signaling parameters at the single molecule level, revealing critical regulatory nodes in this important signal transduction pathway.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural intermediates observed only in intact Escherichia coli indicate a mechanism for TonB-dependent transport

    Thushani D Nilaweera et al.
    Pulse electron paramagnetic resonance on intact Escherichia coli reveals a substrate-induced structural transition in BtuB, the vitamin B12 transporter, which is not seen in reconstituted membranes and indicates a mechanism of transport.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impact of asymptomatic Plasmodium falciparum infection on the risk of subsequent symptomatic malaria in a longitudinal cohort in Kenya

    Kelsey M Sumner et al.
    The increased risk for symptomatic malaria following an asymptomatic Plasmodium falciparum infection supports targeting asymptomatic infections as a tool to reduce clinical malaria in high-transmission settings.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The need for high-quality oocyte mitochondria at extreme ploidy dictates mammalian germline development

    Marco Colnaghi et al.
    Selective transfer of mitochondria in the Balbiani body ensures high-quality oocyte mitochondria at extreme ploidy, explaining many enigmatic features of female germline architecture including germ cell loss.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Highly contiguous assemblies of 101 drosophilid genomes

    Bernard Y Kim et al.
    One hundred one high-quality drosophilid genomes are released, along with low-cost assembly workflows, as an open community resource for studying genetics, ecology, and evolution in this important model system.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Latent gammaherpesvirus exacerbates arthritis through modification of age-associated B cells

    Isobel C Mouat et al.
    Latent gammaherpesvirus infection predisposes mice to develop more severe disease following induction of arthritis by elevating pathogenic interferon-gamma-expressing age-associated B cells.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Extracellular signal-regulated kinase mediates chromatin rewiring and lineage transformation in lung cancer

    Yusuke Inoue et al.
    Lineage transformation in lung cancer is dictated by ERK activity and requires permissive chromatin alterations in the context of targeted therapy resistance.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The genomic consequences of hybridization

    Benjamin M Moran et al.
    A synthesis of recent hybridization literature reveals emerging patterns in the evolution of genomes after hybridization, processes proposed to explain those patterns, and important open questions to direct future hybrid genomics research.

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