21 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Attacks on genetic privacy via uploads to genealogical databases

    Michael D Edge, Graham Coop
    Direct-to-consumer genetic genealogy services that allow users to upload their own datasets are vulnerable to attacks on genetic privacy that exploit the structure of genetic variation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genealogy: The challenges of maintaining genetic privacy

    Shai Carmi
    Two studies suggest that a determined adversary may be able to obtain genetic information that they should not have permission to access from some genealogy databases.
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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The mother’s risk of premature death after child loss across two centuries

    Unnur A Valdimarsdóttir et al.
    A large-scale, sibling-based analysis of the Icelandic population spanning two centuries demonstrates an increase in maternal mortality rates after child loss on both sides of a major demographic transition.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mapping the function of neuronal ion channels in model and experiment

    William F Podlaski et al.
    The ion channel genealogy resource is a comprehensive and intuitive comparison tool for ion channel models and experimental data, helping to visualize their similarity and function to facilitate better experimentally-constrained modeling.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Predicting evolution from the shape of genealogical trees

    Richard A Neher et al.
    A general method for inferring fitness from a sample of nucleotide sequences can predict the progenitor of next year's seasonal influenza.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Compensatory evolution drives multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Central Asia

    Matthias Merker et al.
    The genetic make-up of dominating MDR-TB clades in Central Asia is shaped by programmatic and socio-economic changes that led to fixation of resistance and bacterial fitness related mutations in the Soviet era.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Adaptive Evolution: Can we read the future from a tree?

    Michael Lässig, Marta Łuksza
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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A common 1.6 mb Y-chromosomal inversion predisposes to subsequent deletions and severe spermatogenic failure in humans

    Pille Hallast et al.
    In addition to its academic merits, characterizing the genetic determinants of male (in)fertility and identifying clinically actionable genetic variants can lead to improved diagnosis or even treatment of such conditions.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A multicellular way of life for a multipartite virus

    Anne Sicard et al.
    A multipartite virus functionally spreads its distinct genome segments in distinct individual cells of the host plant, and complementation of the viral genes across cells allows a pluricellular infection cycle.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evidence for adaptive evolution in the receptor-binding domain of seasonal coronaviruses OC43 and 229e

    Kathryn E Kistler, Trevor Bedford
    Phylogenetic and computational methods reveal that at least two seasonal coronaviruses are evolving adaptively in the region of the viral spike protein exposed to the human humoral immune system.

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