3,481 results found
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Inhibition of mTORC1 by ER stress impairs neonatal β-cell expansion and predisposes to diabetes in the Akita mouse

    Yael Riahi et al.
    mTORC1 inhibition by perinatal ER stress induces beta-cell growth arrest with subsequent development of diabetes.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Insulin mutations impair beta-cell development in a patient-derived iPSC model of neonatal diabetes

    Diego Balboa et al.
    Mutations causing proinsulin misfolding trigger unfolded protein response and lead to impaired proliferation and reduced mTORC1 signalling of developing beta-cells in a patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cell disease model.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural circuitry of a polycystin-mediated hydrodynamic startle response for predator avoidance

    Luis A Bezares-Calderón et al.
    The Platynereis startle circuit links polycystin-dependent hydrodynamic sensors to muscle and ciliary effector cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Molecular pathway analysis towards understanding tissue vulnerability in spinocerebellar ataxia type 1

    Terri M Driessen et al.
    Unbiased transcriptomics reveals novel insights into the mechanisms that may contribute to regional neurodegeneration in SCA1, and other SCAs in general.
    1. Cell Biology

    The transcription factors TFE3 and TFEB amplify p53 dependent transcriptional programs in response to DNA damage

    Owen A Brady et al.
    Disruption of TFEB and TFE3 results in diminished p53 signaling capacity and altered cell cycle regulation under genotoxic stress conditions.
    1. Cell Biology

    The sterol-responsive RNF145 E3 ubiquitin ligase mediates the degradation of HMG-CoA reductase together with gp78 and Hrd1

    Sam A Menzies et al.
    CRISPR/Cas9 genome-wide screens using sterol-sensitive endogenous HMG-CoA reductase (HMGCR) reporter identify the sterol-responsive RNF145 and gp78 as independently responsible for sterol-accelerated degradation of HMGCR, the rate-limiting enzyme of cholesterol biosynthesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Random-sequence genetic oligomer pools display an innate potential for ligation and recombination

    Hannes Mutschler et al.
    Random sequence RNA pools display an innate capacity for ligation and recombination, enabling them to “bootstrap” themselves towards higher compositional, informational and structural complexity.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Rotavirus VP3 targets MAVS for degradation to inhibit type III interferon expression in intestinal epithelial cells

    Siyuan Ding et al.
    Rotavirus infection induces phosphorylation and proteasomal degradation of MAVS to suppress host antiviral interferon signaling.

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