5,252 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Attacks on genetic privacy via uploads to genealogical databases

    Michael D Edge, Graham Coop
    Direct-to-consumer genetic genealogy services that allow users to upload their own datasets are vulnerable to attacks on genetic privacy that exploit the structure of genetic variation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Genetic mechanisms control the linear scaling between related cortical primary and higher order sensory areas

    Andreas Zembrzycki et al.
    Primary and higher order visual area dimensions in the neocortex are determined by the same genetic mechanisms during development which in turn also control the proportionate scaling between them.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Phenotypic complementation of genetic immunodeficiency by chronic herpesvirus infection

    Donna A MacDuff et al.
    HOIL-1 deficiency in mice results in a severe immunodeficiency that is effectively complemented by chronic infection with a murine gamma-herpesvirus.
    1. Medicine

    A homozygous FANCM mutation underlies a familial case of non-syndromic primary ovarian insufficiency

    Baptiste Fouquet et al.
    Bilallelic mutations of FANCM, a DNA-damage response gene whose heterozygous mutations predispose to breast cancer, are involved in a familial case of Primary Ovarian Insufficiency establishing a link between infertility and cancer.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Death following traumatic brain injury in Drosophila is associated with intestinal barrier dysfunction

    Rebeccah J Katzenberger et al.
    Use of a newly developed experimental model in fruit flies reveals that death following traumatic brain injury is largely due to a mechanism by which brain damage triggers disruption of the intestinal barrier, leading to elevated levels of glucose in the circulatory system with deleterious consequences.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Inactivation of the ATMIN/ATM pathway protects against glioblastoma formation

    Sophia M Blake et al.
    Deletion of the ATM cofactor ATMIN reduces PDGFRA expression and strongly suppresses tumorigenesis in a TP53-deficient mouse model of glioblastoma.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genealogy: The challenges of maintaining genetic privacy

    Shai Carmi
    Two studies suggest that a determined adversary may be able to obtain genetic information that they should not have permission to access from some genealogy databases.
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    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic and environmental influences on adult human height across birth cohorts from 1886 to 1994

    Aline Jelenkovic et al.
    Genetic variance of adult human height shows a generally increasing trend across the birth-year cohorts but heritability estimates do not present any clear pattern of secular changes over a century.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    IRF4 haploinsufficiency in a family with Whipple’s disease

    Antoine Guérin et al.
    Autosomal dominant IRF4 deficiency is the first genetic etiology of Whipple's disease, a very rare chronic condition following a rather common infection by Tropheryma whipplei.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Palaeogenomes of Eurasian straight-tusked elephants challenge the current view of elephant evolution

    Matthias Meyer et al.
    DNA sequences from the Middle Pleistocene reveal that the extinct Eurasian straight-tusked elephants were closely related to today's African forest elephants (Loxodonta cyclotis) in Africa.

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