242 results found
    1. Medicine

    Characterization and prediction of clinical pathways of vulnerability to psychosis through graph signal processing

    Corrado Sandini et al.
    A novel methodical approach aimed at improving translation of network analyses to psychopathology provides an intuitive representation of longitudinal clinical pathways between symptoms and can assist in predicting prognosis.
    1. Ecology

    Widespread variation in heat tolerance and symbiont load are associated with growth tradeoffs in the coral Acropora hyacinthus in Palau

    Brendan Cornwell et al.
    Bleaching-resistant corals are widespread across Palau and concentrated in warmer regions, but this trait is associated with decreased growth which could lead to reduced fitness if it is the only priority of conservation efforts.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    A zebrafish screen reveals Renin-angiotensin system inhibitors as neuroprotective via mitochondrial restoration in dopamine neurons

    Gha-Hyun J Kim et al.
    In vivo dopamine neuron imaging-based neuroprotective small molecule screen in larval zebrafish and mechanistic investigation using conditional CRISPR knockout and cell-type-specific RNA-seq analysis, coupled with cross-species analyses including human clinical data interrogation, uncover potential disease-modifying therapeutics for Parkinson's disease (PD).
    1. Cell Biology

    Structural basis for membrane recruitment of ATG16L1 by WIPI2 in autophagy

    Lisa M Strong et al.
    The crystal structure of human WIPI2 bound to the ATG16L1 WIPI2-interacting region, combined with in vitro reconstitution and cellular autophagy assays, shows how the LC3 lipidation machinery is recruited in autophagy initiation.
    1. Medicine

    Aorta smooth muscle-on-a-chip reveals impaired mitochondrial dynamics as a therapeutic target for aortic aneurysm in bicuspid aortic valve disease

    Mieradilijiang Abudupataer et al.
    An aorta smooth muscle-on-a-chip model indicated that NOTCH1 insufficiency in HAoSMCs induced phenotypic switching from a contractile to a synthetic phenotype accompanied by an impairment of mitochondrial fusion, implying its potential role as a therapeutic target for BAV-TAA.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Glycolytic preconditioning in astrocytes mitigates trauma-induced neurodegeneration

    Rene Solano Fonseca et al.
    Promoting a Warburg-like shift in astrocytic metabolism through reduced mitochondrial electron transport accommodates the energetic burden caused by brain trauma without overwhelming cellular respiration and redox to salvage dopaminergic neurons.
    1. Cancer Biology

    A feedback loop between the androgen receptor and 6-phosphogluoconate dehydrogenase (6PGD) drives prostate cancer growth

    Joanna L Gillis et al.
    A positive feedback loop between the androgen receptor and a key pentose phosphate pathway enzyme, 6PGD, in prostate cancer promotes tumour cell proliferation, survival and intracellular redox control.
    1. Cell Biology

    KLF10 integrates circadian timing and sugar signaling to coordinate hepatic metabolism

    Anthony A Ruberto et al.
    Krüppel-like factor 10 coordinates the hepatic circadian transcriptome and protects the liver from the adverse effects of increased sugar consumption.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    HBO1-MLL interaction promotes AF4/ENL/P-TEFb-mediated leukemogenesis

    Satoshi Takahashi et al.
    Interaction of the MLL and HBO1 complexes is a key nexus for leukemic transformation that can serve as a therapeutic target.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional development of a V3/glycan-specific broadly neutralizing antibody isolated from a case of HIV superinfection

    Mackenzie M Shipley et al.
    A bnAb derived from a case of HIV superinfection has distinct qualities from other HIV-specific bnAbs, including framework residues that contribute to neutralization breadth and a unique viral escape profile.

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