530 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Differential requirements of androgen receptor in luminal progenitors during prostate regeneration and tumor initiation

    Chee Wai Chua et al.
    Analyses of genetically engineered mouse models reveal the androgen receptor-independent properties of a luminal stem/progenitor cell in the prostate epithelium, and its ability to serve as a cell of origin for castration-resistant prostate cancer.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Targeting mutant RAS in patient-derived colorectal cancer organoids by combinatorial drug screening

    Carla S Verissimo et al.
    Libraries of patient-derived tumor organoids are a reliable and scalable model system that can help identify and optimize targeted therapies in a pre-clinical setting.
    1. Cancer Biology

    The chemokine CXCL13 in lung cancers associated with environmental polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons pollution

    Gui-Zhen Wang et al.
    The chemokine CXCL13 is critical to the development of air pollution- and tobacco smoke-induced lung cancers.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Combined deletion of Glut1 and Glut3 impairs lung adenocarcinoma growth

    Caroline Contat et al.
    In lung adenocarcinoma, deleting one glucose transporter, whether it is Glut1 or Glut3 is insufficient, whereas their dual deletion reduces tumor growth.
    1. Cancer Biology

    NRG1 is a critical regulator of differentiation in TP63-driven squamous cell carcinoma

    Ganapati V Hegde et al.
    TP63 regulates NRG1 in squamous cell cancers, and targeting of NRG1 induces cancer cell differentiation thereby NRG1 is a potential therapeutic target in squamous cell cancers.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Mutationally-activated PI3’-kinase-α promotes de-differentiation of lung tumors initiated by the BRAFV600E oncoprotein kinase

    J Edward van Veen et al.
    Two of the most commonly mutated growth factor pathways induce a deadly feature of lung adenocarcinoma.
    1. Cancer Biology

    miR-34a is a microRNA safeguard for Citrobacter-induced inflammatory colon oncogenesis

    Lihua Wang et al.
    miR-34a prevents inflammation-induced colonic regeneration from oncogenesis by simultaneously targeting processes in both immune and epithelial cells, including T helper 17 cell differentiation, recruitment, and IL-17 induced epithelial proliferation.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Activation of G protein-coupled estrogen receptor signaling inhibits melanoma and improves response to immune checkpoint blockade

    Christopher A Natale et al.
    Driving melanoma differentiation through G protein-coupled estrogen receptor signaling decreases proliferative capacity, decreases expression of the oncodriver and stem cell marker c-Myc, and increases the effectiveness of immunotherapy.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Deletion of the MAD2L1 spindle assembly checkpoint gene is tolerated in mouse models of acute T-cell lymphoma and hepatocellular carcinoma

    Floris Foijer et al.
    Chromosomal instability through spindle assembly checkpoint alleviation facilitates malignant transformation of hepatocytes and T-cells in vivo, resulting in cancers with recurrent karyotypes.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Angiopoietin receptor Tie2 is required for vein specification and maintenance via regulating COUP-TFII

    Man Chu et al.
    Analyses with genetically engineered mouse models in combination with biochemical approaches reveal a crucial role of the receptor tyrosine kinase Tie2 mediated signals in venogenesis via an Akt mediated regulation of COUP-TFII protein stabilization.

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