19 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Viral RNA switch mediates the dynamic control of flavivirus replicase recruitment by genome cyclization

    Zhong-Yu Liu et al.
    A conserved element in the flavivirus genomic 5′ terminus switches its conformation in response to long-range RNA interactions, and thereby regulates the dynamic recruitment of viral replicase for efficient viral RNA replication.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Chemical structure-guided design of dynapyrazoles, cell-permeable dynein inhibitors with a unique mode of action

    Jonathan B Steinman et al.
    Analyses of the chemical structure of ciliobrevins led to dynein inhibitors with improved properties and higher potency.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of ribosomal peptide macrocyclization in plants

    Joel Haywood et al.
    The first crystal structure of an active plant asparaginyl endopeptidase reveals a tetrahedral intermediate state in its active site, which may help to explain why these enzymes have been independently recruited to perform peptide macrocyclization.
    1. Ecology

    Tritrophic metabolism of plant chemical defenses and its effects on herbivore and predator performance

    Ruo Sun et al.
    Genetic manipulation demonstrates the costs and benefits of detoxifying glucosinolate plant defenses in a pest insect and its predator.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Fragile X mental retardation protein is a Zika virus restriction factor that is antagonized by subgenomic flaviviral RNA

    Ruben Soto-Acosta et al.
    The Zika virus subgenomic flaviviral RNA binds to and inhibits the fragile X mental retardation protein, a novel Zika virus restriction factor.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Mutations that improve efficiency of a weak-link enzyme are rare compared to adaptive mutations elsewhere in the genome

    Andrew B Morgenthaler et al.
    Mutations elsewhere in the genome play critical roles in improving fitness during amplification and divergence of a gene encoding a weak-link enzyme whose inefficiency limits growth rate.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Chromosome organization by one-sided and two-sided loop extrusion

    Edward J Banigan et al.
    Seemingly contradictory findings of single-molecule and in vivo experiments on a major mechanism of chromosome organization are reconciled by computationally investigating mechanisms of loop extrusion that are consistent with both.
    1. Plant Biology

    Phosphoprotein SAK1 is a regulator of acclimation to singlet oxygen in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii

    Setsuko Wakao et al.
    SAK1, a novel cytoplasmic phosphoprotein, is a key intermediate component of the retrograde signaling pathway controlling nuclear gene expression during acclimation of Chlamydomonas cells to singlet oxygen stress.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A terpene synthase-cytochrome P450 cluster in Dictyostelium discoideum produces a novel trisnorsesquiterpene

    Xinlu Chen et al.
    The social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum employs a terpene synthase-cytochrome P450 metabolic gene cluster to produce a novel trisnorsesquiterpene discodiene.

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