2,062 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Evolution of substrate specificity in a retained enzyme driven by gene loss

    Ana Lilia Juárez-Vázquez et al.
    An integrated biochemical and evolutionary analysis shows how enzyme specificity evolves after gene loss during genome decay, implicating relaxation of purifying selection as a driving force for functional divergence.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Quantitative proteomics reveals key roles for post-transcriptional gene regulation in the molecular pathology of facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy

    Sujatha Jagannathan et al.
    The myopathic transcription factor DUX4 induces discordant dysregulation of transcript and protein levels, demonstrating a key role for post-transcriptional gene regulation in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Histone H3G34R mutation causes replication stress, homologous recombination defects and genomic instability in S. pombe

    Rajesh K Yadav et al.
    Mutation of Glycine 34 to Arginine within the N-terminal tail of histone H3 alters post-translational modifications on Lysine 36 and is associated with a delay in replication restart, defective homologous recombination and an increase in genomic instability.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    ME31B globally represses maternal mRNAs by two distinct mechanisms during the Drosophila maternal-to-zygotic transition

    Miranda Wang et al.
    ME31B is a general repressor of gene expression in the Drosophila early embryo, repressing translation before the maternal-to-zygotic transition and stimulating mRNA decay after activation of the zygotic genome.
    1. Cell Biology

    Degradation of Gadd45 mRNA by nonsense-mediated decay is essential for viability

    Jonathan O Nelson et al.
    Excess expression of the Gadd45 mRNA accounts for lethality when nonsense-mediated decay is lost in Drosophila and mammalian cells, revealing that this pathway is a critical gene regulatory mechanism.
  1. Point of view: Motivating participation in open science by examining researcher incentives

    Sarah E Ali-Khan et al.
    A survey of researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital provides insights into the challenges and opportunities involved in adopting an open science policy across an entire patient-oriented academic institution.
  2. Point of View: Correcting the bias against interdisciplinary research

    Ehud Shapiro
    When making decisions about funding and jobs the scientific community should recognise that most of the tools used to evaluate scientific excellence are biased in favour of established disciplines and against interdisciplinary research.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sexual Differentiation: A matter of timing

    Michael W Perry, Claude Desplan
    A genetic pathway involved in development works together with the sex-determination pathway to control the timing of sexually dimorphic neural development in C. elegans.
    Insight
    Available as:
    • HTML
    • PDF
    1. Neuroscience

    Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: Marking the differences in motoneurons

    Simon A Sharples, Patrick J Whelan
    A subgroup of the neurons that control muscles becomes less excitable shortly before the symptoms of ALS develop.
    Insight
    Available as:
    • HTML
    • PDF
  3. Point of View: The sustainable professor

    Elizabeth S Haswell
    Responsible agricultural practices provide a useful lens through which to consider the lives and careers of researchers.

Refine your results by:

Type
Research categories