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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Synthetically modified guide RNA and donor DNA are a versatile platform for CRISPR-Cas9 engineering

    Kunwoo Lee et al.
    The guide RNA and donor DNA of the CRISPR/Cas system tolerate large chemical modifications and can be engineered for enhanced delivery and gene editing.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A clathrin coat assembly role for the muniscin protein central linker revealed by TALEN-mediated gene editing

    Perunthottathu K Umasankar et al.
    The muniscin protein FCHO1 interacts with, and activates, the adapter protein-2 complex (AP-2) to promote the assembly of clathrin-coated vesicles.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Stochastic tuning of gene expression enables cellular adaptation in the absence of pre-existing regulatory circuitry

    Peter L Freddolino et al.
    Stochastic tuning of gene expression could be a common mechanism through which eukaryotic cells adapt to challenging external environments, potentially including survival of infectious organisms within the host and adaptation of cancer cells to chemotherapy.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Reprogramming the antigen specificity of B cells using genome-editing technologies

    James E Voss et al.
    Antibody paratopes can be added to the human repertoire by CRISPR-Cas9 editing of B lymphocytes using a strategy that allows for hypermutation and class switching of resulting B cell receptors.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Oncogenesis: Taking the brakes off telomerase

    Kamila Naxerova, Stephen J Elledge
    Insight
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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Drought adaptation in Arabidopsis thaliana by extensive genetic loss-of-function

    J Grey Monroe et al.
    Gene knockouts provide valuable genetic fuel for climate adaptation in nature.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cancer-associated TERT promoter mutations abrogate telomerase silencing

    Kunitoshi Chiba et al.
    TERT promoter mutations impair TERT silencing upon cellular differentiation and are sufficient to facilitate cellular immortalization without additional tumor selected changes, explaining why they are associated with a very specific tumor spectrum.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Covalent linkage of the DNA repair template to the CRISPR-Cas9 nuclease enhances homology-directed repair

    Natasa Savic et al.
    Linking the DNA repair template to the Cas9 ribonucleoprotein complex enhances homology-directed repair of the induced DNA double strand break.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Programmed knockout mutation of liver fluke granulin attenuates virulence of infection-induced hepatobiliary morbidity

    Patpicha Arunsan et al.
    Gene knockout of liver fluke granulin by CRISPR/Cas9 attenuates the virulence of infection with a carcinogenic liver fluke.