7,992 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Expression noise facilitates the evolution of gene regulation

    Luise Wolf et al.
    In-lab evolution of synthetic promoters has revealed a novel general mechanism for de novo evolution of gene regulation, and highlights the crucial role of expression noise in this process.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Landscape of histone modifications in a sponge reveals the origin of animal cis-regulatory complexity

    Federico Gaiti et al.
    The complex chromatin-based genomic regulatory system controlling developmental gene expression in complex bilaterians predates the evolution of morphological complexity and may have been a prerequisite for the evolution of the first simple multicellular animals.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Super-resolution imaging of a 2.5 kb non-repetitive DNA in situ in the nuclear genome using molecular beacon probes

    Yanxiang Ni et al.
    Molecular beacon based FISH shows the capability of visualizing a 2.5 kb non-repetitive genomic DNA sequence in situ in human or mouse nuclear genome at super resolution.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Evolution of herbivore-induced early defense signaling was shaped by genome-wide duplications in Nicotiana

    Wenwu Zhou et al.
    Comparative transcriptomic analysis reveals the molecular basis and evolution of herbivore-associated early defense signaling in Nicotiana.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Neolithic and medieval virus genomes reveal complex evolution of hepatitis B

    Ben Krause-Kyora et al.
    Ancient hepatitis B virus (HBV) genomes were reconstructed from up to 7000-year-old Stone Age human skeletons, suggesting a long-time complex co-evolution with human populations.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Ongoing resolution of duplicate gene functions shapes the diversification of a metabolic network

    Meihua Christina Kuang et al.
    Recent functional changes in ancient duplicate genes led to the evolution of divergent regulatory and metabolic strategies by the GALactose gene networks of two yeast species.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evolution of reduced co-activator dependence led to target expansion of a starvation response pathway

    Bin Z He et al.
    The phosphate starvation response network in a commensal yeast evolved to expand its downstream targets via changes in the main transcription factor's dependence on its co-activator, potentially altering the physiological response.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Defining the location of promoter-associated R-loops at near-nucleotide resolution using bisDRIP-seq

    Jason G Dumelie, Samie R Jaffrey
    Genome-wide profiling of R-loops at near single-nucleotide resolution reveals distinct R-loop boundaries depending on the presence and location of the first exon-intron junction.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Long read sequencing reveals poxvirus evolution through rapid homogenization of gene arrays

    Thomas A Sasani et al.
    An adaptive process of genetic homogenization in poxviruses facilitates the propagation of single nucleotide variation within gene copies and might favor the persistence of large gene copy arrays.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Chromosome-wide mechanisms to decouple gene expression from gene dose during sex-chromosome evolution

    Bayly S Wheeler et al.
    A chromosome-wide mechanism balances X-linked gene expression between the sexes in C. elegans, but no similar chromosome-wide mechanism balances gene expression between X chromosomes and autosomes.

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