1,888 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Efficient termination of nuclear lncRNA transcription promotes mitochondrial genome maintenance

    Dorine Jeanne Mariëtte du Mee et al.
    RNA Polymerase II transcriptional termination of a nuclear long non-coding RNA is required to maintain the mitochondrial genome and hence promotes budding yeast growth.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Structural snapshots of Xer recombination reveal activation by synaptic complex remodeling and DNA bending

    Aleksandra Bebel et al.
    DNA-bound crystal structures of an essential Xer site-specific recombinase from the bacterium Helicobacter pylori reveal how large conformational changes initiate the untangling of chromosomes upon cell division.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Cell-cycle quiescence maintains Caenorhabditis elegans germline stem cells independent of GLP-1/Notch

    Hannah S Seidel, Judith Kimble
    C. elegans germline stem cells become quiescent under starved conditions, and this quiescence maintains the stem cell state even in the absence of GLP-1/Notch signaling, which is otherwise essential for stem cell maintenance.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    HNF1A is a novel oncogene that regulates human pancreatic cancer stem cell properties

    Ethan V Abel et al.
    HNF1A, a risk factor gene for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, is critical to maintaining pancreatic cancer stem cell properties through regulating POU5F1 (OCT4) expression, providing a novel role for HNF1A in maintenance of the disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Compensation for PKMζ in long-term potentiation and spatial long-term memory in mutant mice

    Panayiotis Tsokas et al.
    The enzyme PKMzeta is crucial for the maintenance of long-term memories, but a closely related enzyme provides a back-up should PKMzeta fail, thus explaining the controversy over why deleting the gene for PKMzeta may not appear to impair memory.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Epigenetic regulation of hematopoiesis by DNA methylation

    Aniket V Gore et al.
    Methylation of a key transcription factor gene by a de novo DNA methyltransferase assures the maintenance of hematopoietic stem cell fate.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The scaffold protein Nde1 safeguards the brain genome during S phase of early neural progenitor differentiation

    Shauna L Houlihan, Yuanyi Feng
    Differentiation-specific maintenance of genome integrity during S-phase is essential for establishing both the structure and function of the cerebral cortex.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    PUMILIO, but not RBMX, binding is required for regulation of genomic stability by noncoding RNA NORAD

    Mahmoud M Elguindy et al.
    Interaction with PUMILIO is essential for maintenance of genomic stability by the cytoplasmic long noncoding RNA NORAD, whereas binding to RBMX is dispensable for this function.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Long non-coding RNA produced by RNA polymerase V determines boundaries of heterochromatin

    Gudrun Böhmdorfer et al.
    Genome-wide identification of long non-coding RNAs produced by RNA Polymerase V identifies their role in heterochromatin maintenance on the boundaries of repressed regions.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Sox9 and Sox8 protect the adult testis from male-to-female genetic reprogramming and complete degeneration

    Francisco J Barrionuevo et al.
    The vertebrate testis-determining gene, Sox9, also controls adult testis maintenance in mammals, acting redundantly with its paralog Sox8.

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