7,319 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Discovery and validation of sub-threshold genome-wide association study loci using epigenomic signatures

    Xinchen Wang et al.
    Epigenomic signatures overlapping disease-associated variants from genome-wide association studies help prioritize new variants in sub-threshold loci whose biological relevance is experimentally confirmed.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Genome-wide alterations of uracil distribution patterns in human DNA upon chemotherapeutic treatments

    Hajnalka L Pálinkás et al.
    Human genomic DNA contains uracil in the late replicating, constitutive heterochromatic regions, while treatment with drugs perturbing thymidylate biosynthesis shifts the uracil distribution pattern towards the euchromatin in UNG-inhibited cells.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Stop codon context influences genome-wide stimulation of termination codon readthrough by aminoglycosides

    Jamie R Wangen, Rachel Green
    Ribosome profiling reveals genome-wide stimulation of stop codon readthrough by aminoglycosides that is influenced sequence context.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A nuclease- and bisulfite-based strategy captures strand-specific R-loops genome-wide

    Phillip Wulfridge, Kavitha Sarma
    BisMapR reveals strand-specific R-loops with high resolution at small-scale genomic features including bidirectionally transcribed promoters and enhancers.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Chromosome-wide mechanisms to decouple gene expression from gene dose during sex-chromosome evolution

    Bayly S Wheeler et al.
    A chromosome-wide mechanism balances X-linked gene expression between the sexes in C. elegans, but no similar chromosome-wide mechanism balances gene expression between X chromosomes and autosomes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Panton–Valentine leucocidin is the key determinant of Staphylococcus aureus pyomyositis in a bacterial GWAS

    Bernadette C Young et al.
    Genome-wide association studies have established staphylococcal pyomyositis as a disease whose pathogenesis depends critically on expression of a single toxin, Panton–Valentine leukocidin.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome-wide CRISPR screens of oral squamous cell carcinoma reveal fitness genes in the Hippo pathway

    Annie Wai Yeeng Chai et al.
    Genome-wide CRISPR/Cas9 screens enable the identification of actionable vulnerabilities of oral squamous cell carcinoma, and their unique dependencies on YAP1 and WWTR1 of the Hippo pathway.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Genome-wide effects of the antimicrobial peptide apidaecin on translation termination in bacteria

    Kyle Mangano et al.
    Inhibition of bacterial protein synthesis by an antimicrobial peptide apidaecin triggers translation arrest at the stop codons, ribosome queuing and pervasive stop codon readthrough.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Translational initiation in E. coli occurs at the correct sites genome-wide in the absence of mRNA-rRNA base-pairing

    Kazuki Saito et al.
    E. coli ribosomes incapable of base-pairing with the Shine-Dalgarno sequence are still selective for annotated start sites, indicating these sites are hard-wired for initiation by other mRNA features.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Expansion of the circadian transcriptome in Brassica rapa and genome-wide diversification of paralog expression patterns

    Kathleen Greenham et al.
    Whole genome duplication in Brassica rapa is accompanied by both expansion of the circadian transcriptome and widespread temporal reconfiguration of gene regulatory networks consistent with subfunctionalization among pairs of paralogs.

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