4,376 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Panton–Valentine leucocidin is the key determinant of Staphylococcus aureus pyomyositis in a bacterial GWAS

    Bernadette C Young et al.
    Genome-wide association studies have established staphylococcal pyomyositis as a disease whose pathogenesis depends critically on expression of a single toxin, Panton–Valentine leukocidin.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic predisposition to uterine leiomyoma is determined by loci for genitourinary development and genome stability

    Niko Välimäki et al.
    Genetic predisposition to uterine leiomyomas arises from variation at loci for genetic stability and genitourinary development, and in part explains the frequent occurrence of the condition in women with African origin.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Clusters of polymorphic transmembrane genes control resistance to schistosomes in snail vectors

    Jacob A Tennessen et al.
    A region of the Biomphalaria genome, containing highly divergent haplotypes with different combinations of transmembrane genes, strongly impacts whether these snails can transmit parasitic schistosomes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic mapping of etiologic brain cell types for obesity

    Pascal N Timshel et al.
    Unbiased computational integration of single-cell- and human genetics data shows that susceptibility to obesity is driven by a broad set of neuronal populations across the brain.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    Genetic architecture of 11 organ traits derived from abdominal MRI using deep learning

    Yi Liu et al.
    Systematic quantification of abdominal organ health parameters using deep learning generates new insights into the genetic architecture of cardiometabolic health traits.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Novel genetic loci affecting facial shape variation in humans

    Ziyi Xiong et al.
    A comprehensive genome scan of 18,000 multi-ethnic individuals with 3-dimensional facial images highlighted multiple face-associated genetic loci for which regulatory activities in human neural cells were established.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Integration of human pancreatic islet genomic data refines regulatory mechanisms at Type 2 Diabetes susceptibility loci

    Matthias Thurner et al.
    Human pancreatic islet high-resolution chromatin state maps generated from DNA methylation, open chromatin and ChIP-seq mark data facilitate the characterisation of regulatory mechanisms at type 2 diabetes genome-wide association study loci.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    An agnostic study of associations between ABO and RhD blood group and phenome-wide disease risk

    Torsten Dahlén et al.
    The relationship between blood groups and disease is detangled, without preconceived ideas, using population-wide data, with millions of participants and lifetime follow-up, identifying not only previously known relationships but also new insights.
    1. Plant Biology

    Multiple pairs of allelic MLA immune receptor-powdery mildew AVRA effectors argue for a direct recognition mechanism

    Isabel ML Saur et al.
    Allelic MLA immune receptors have an exceptional propensity to directly detect sequence-unrelated pathogen effectors and this feature might have facilitated functional diversification of the receptor in the host population.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Discovery and validation of sub-threshold genome-wide association study loci using epigenomic signatures

    Xinchen Wang et al.
    Epigenomic signatures overlapping disease-associated variants from genome-wide association studies help prioritize new variants in sub-threshold loci whose biological relevance is experimentally confirmed.

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