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    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic architecture of natural variation in cuticular hydrocarbon composition in Drosophila melanogaster

    Lauren M Dembeck et al.
    Genome wide association analyses in a wild-derived Drosophila melanogaster population uncover extensive variation in cuticular hydrocarbon composition, which may present a target for natural selection and adaptive evolution.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The genetic architecture of NAFLD among inbred strains of mice

    Simon T Hui et al.
    A system genetics approach reveals a unique molecular signature of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in mice and identifies novel genetic factors affecting hepatic steatosis.
    1. Cell Biology

    Bid maintains mitochondrial cristae structure and function and protects against cardiac disease in an integrative genomics study

    Christi T Salisbury-Ruf et al.
    An integrative approach, combining genetic mouse and large-scale human genetics studies, was used to reveal a novel role for the Bcl-2 protein Bid in maintenance of mitochondrial function that alters susceptibility to myocardial infarction.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Role of the pre-initiation complex in Mediator recruitment and dynamics

    Elisabeth R Knoll et al.
    Genome-wide recruitment of Mediator and Pol II is reduced in yeast lacking the Med2-Med3-Med15 tail module triad, and Mediator association with gene promoters depends on Pol II, Taf1, and TBP.
    1. Plant Biology

    Multiple pairs of allelic MLA immune receptor-powdery mildew AVRA effectors argue for a direct recognition mechanism

    Isabel ML Saur et al.
    Allelic MLA immune receptors have an exceptional propensity to directly detect sequence-unrelated pathogen effectors and this feature might have facilitated functional diversification of the receptor in the host population.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Gene-centric functional dissection of human genetic variation uncovers regulators of hematopoiesis

    Satish K Nandakumar et al.
    A gene-centric functional screen uncovers biological mechanisms underlying genome-wide association study signals for human red blood cell traits.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Identification of an emphysema-associated genetic variant near TGFB2 with regulatory effects in lung fibroblasts

    Margaret M Parker et al.
    A functional genetic variant, rs1690789, affects susceptibility to emphysema by altering TGFB2 expression in human lung fibroblasts.
    1. Cell Biology

    The genomic landscape of human cellular circadian variation points to a novel role for the signalosome

    Ludmila Gaspar et al.
    Cellular genetics highlights differences in protein catabolism in general, and the COP9 signalosome in particular, as one major source of human cellular circadian variation.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    Effects of lifelong testosterone exposure on health and disease using Mendelian randomization

    Pedrum Mohammadi-Shemirani et al.
    Long-term increased testosterone improved body composition and bone density, but lowered HDL and raised risks of hypertension, androgenic alopecia, prostate cancer, and spinal stenosis in males.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Demographic history mediates the effect of stratification on polygenic scores

    Arslan A Zaidi, Iain Mathieson
    Correction for stratification in genome-wide association studies should be informed by the demographic history of the sample.