1,592 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Germ cell connectivity enhances cell death in response to DNA damage in the Drosophila testis

    Kevin L Lu, Yukiko M Yamashita
    Genetic and cell biological study indicates that germ cells' connectivity serves as a mechanism to increase the sensitivity of germline to DNA damage, protecting the genome of gametes, in the Drosophila testis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Ecology

    The energy savings-oxidative cost trade-off for migratory birds during endurance flight

    Scott McWilliams et al.
    Migratory birds with fuel stores composed of more omega-6 fats saved energy during long-duration flights, but this short-term energy saving came at the long-term cost of higher oxidative damage.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Slightly beneficial genes are retained by bacteria evolving DNA uptake despite selfish elements

    Bram van Dijk et al.
    Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) helps slightly beneficial genes persist in microbial populations, incentivising cells to invest in costly DNA uptake, even in the presence of harmful selfish genetic elements.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    A simple regulatory architecture allows learning the statistical structure of a changing environment

    Stefan Landmann et al.
    Minimal modifications of common regulatory circuits can allow bacteria to learn from the past to better predict the future, on a physiological, rather than evolutionary, timescale.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of multicellularity by collective integration of spatial information

    Enrico Sandro Colizzi et al.
    Selection for undifferentiated multicellularity emerges in an evolutionary cell-based model because a collective of cells performs chemotaxis better than single cells in a noisy environment.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Dynamics of preventive vs post-diagnostic cancer control using low-impact measures

    Andrei R Akhmetzhanov, Michael E Hochberg
    A model based on empirical parameter estimates predicts that arresting cancer cell growth by less than 1% per day will produce optimal outcomes in preventing life-threatening cancers, and that such preventive measures are generally more successful than post-diagnostic interventions.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Trade-off shapes diversity in eco-evolutionary dynamics

    Farnoush Farahpour et al.
    In a minimalistic, generic model of competitive communities in which evolution is constrained by life-history trade-offs, stable biodiversity emerges with species adapted to different functional niches.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reward signal in a recurrent circuit drives appetitive long-term memory formation

    Toshiharu Ichinose et al.
    A recurrent reward circuit in Drosophila, comprised of specific dopamine neurons and a single class of mushroom body output neurons, transforms a nascent memory trace into a stable long-term memory.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Metage2Metabo, microbiota-scale metabolic complementarity for the identification of key species

    Arnaud Belcour et al.
    Computational models and software connect metagenomics to metabolic network reconstruction, assess metabolic complementarity between species, and identify critical species associated to functions of interest.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning speed and detection sensitivity controlled by distinct cortico-fugal neurons in visual cortex

    Sarah Ruediger, Massimo Scanziani
    Neural pathways from mammalian visual cortex to ancestral brain structures control learning speed and performance of a simple detection task.

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