579 results found
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Targeted induction of a silent fungal gene cluster encoding the bacteria-specific germination inhibitor fumigermin

    Maria Cristina Stroe et al.
    A silent gene cluster of the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus is activated by a bacterium and leads to the production of a novel spore germination inhibitor targeting the inducing bacterium.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Inhibition of post-termination ribosome recycling at premature termination codons in UPF1 ATPase mutants

    Lucas D Serdar et al.
    Nucleotide resolution mapping of ribosome-bound RNA decay fragments in yeast cells expressing ATPase-deficient UPF1 reveals 3' UTR bound ribosomes and a role for UPF1 in post-termination ribosome recycling.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Point of View: Is cell size a spandrel?

    Ariel Amir
    Analysis of experiments on bacteria suggests that the dependence of cell size on growth rate is not an adaptation but a causal consequence of a regulatory mechanism that controls DNA replication.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Human embryonic lung epithelial tips are multipotent progenitors that can be expanded in vitro as long-term self-renewing organoids

    Marko Z Nikolić et al.
    Improved characterisation of human embryonic lung development highlights human-mouse differences and facilitates the development of defined culture conditions for the expansion of self-renewing, multipotent human lung epithelial progenitor cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The laminar organization of the Drosophila ellipsoid body is semaphorin-dependent and prevents the formation of ectopic synaptic connections

    Xiaojun Xie et al.
    The organization of layered/laminated axon projections in specific regions of the fruitfly central brain is regulated by short-range repulsive guidance and is critical for local inhibitory circuit formation and function.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    In vivo targeting of de novo DNA methylation by histone modifications in yeast and mouse

    Marco Morselli et al.
    DNA methylation deposition is dependent on the presence of H3K4me3 and H3K36me3 histone marks.
    1. Plant Biology

    A chloroplast retrograde signal, 3’-phosphoadenosine 5’-phosphate, acts as a secondary messenger in abscisic acid signaling in stomatal closure and germination

    Wannarat Pornsiriwong et al.
    Molecular signals from chloroplasts can synergistically interact with the plant hormone, abscisic acid (ABA), to regulate non-canonical signaling pathways mediating fundamental cellular processes including stomatal closure, seed dormancy and germination.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    pp32 and APRIL are host cell-derived regulators of influenza virus RNA synthesis from cRNA

    Kenji Sugiyama et al.
    The host-derived factors, pp32 and APRIL, interact with influenza viral RNA polymerase to support viral genomic RNA synthesis from complementary RNA.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Distinct modes of SMAD2 chromatin binding and remodeling shape the transcriptional response to NODAL/Activin signaling

    Davide M Coda et al.
    NODAL/Activin-induced SMAD2 binding directly drives remodeling of both open and closed chromatin and does not directly correlate with temporal patterns of gene expression upon prolonged signaling.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A molecular mechanism for the topographic alignment of convergent neural maps

    Elise Savier et al.
    Retinal ephrin-As gradients provide positional information, through retino-collicular map in the superior colliculus, for topographic alignment of cortico-collicular projections.

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