1,240 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Nanos promotes epigenetic reprograming of the germline by down-regulation of the THAP transcription factor LIN-15B

    Chih-Yung Sean Lee et al.
    Nanos is required for germline specification by erasure of maternal program in primordial germ cells.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Neuronal octopamine signaling regulates mating-induced germline stem cell increase in female Drosophila melanogaster

    Yuto Yoshinari et al.
    Genetic analyses using the fruit fly illustrate how neuronal system couples germline stem cell increase to an external cue, which is mating, through stem cell niche signaling.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Endogenous siRNAs promote proteostasis and longevity in germline-less Caenorhabditis elegans

    Moran Cohen-Berkman et al.
    Endo-siRNAs slow down the rate of aging and enable the maintenance of a responsive heat shock response in aging germline-less Caenorhabditis elegans.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The conserved RNA helicase YTHDC2 regulates the transition from proliferation to differentiation in the germline

    Alexis S Bailey et al.
    Post-transcriptional control by YTHDC2 is required to turn off the mitotic proliferation program and facilitate proper expression of the meiotic program to allow a clean cell fate transition in the germline stem cell lineage.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Cell-cycle quiescence maintains Caenorhabditis elegans germline stem cells independent of GLP-1/Notch

    Hannah S Seidel, Judith Kimble
    C. elegans germline stem cells become quiescent under starved conditions, and this quiescence maintains the stem cell state even in the absence of GLP-1/Notch signaling, which is otherwise essential for stem cell maintenance.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    JNK signaling triggers spermatogonial dedifferentiation during chronic stress to maintain the germline stem cell pool in the Drosophila testis

    Salvador C Herrera, Erika A Bach
    JNK pathway activity induces spermatogonial dedifferentiation under challenging conditions to maintain the germline stem cell pool and to endow it with potentially fitter cells that have increased proliferation.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Large, three-generation human families reveal post-zygotic mosaicism and variability in germline mutation accumulation

    Thomas A Sasani et al.
    Rates of germline mutation accumulation are highly variable across families of similar genetic ancestry, and post-zygotic mosaicism is a substantial source of de novo mutations.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    SET-9 and SET-26 are H3K4me3 readers and play critical roles in germline development and longevity

    Wenke Wang et al.
    Two SET-domain containing proteins regulate H3K4me3 by their binding to H3K4me3 through their PHD domain and directly regulate expression of a subset of genes.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Transcriptional signatures of somatic neoblasts and germline cells in Macrostomum lignano

    Magda Grudniewska et al.
    De novo transcriptome assembly and comprehensive characterization of gene expression in proliferating cells of regeneration-capable flatworm Macrostomum lignano advance this organism as a powerful model for stem cell research.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Structural basis for germline antibody recognition of HIV-1 immunogens

    Louise Scharf et al.
    Structural and computational analyses of germline antibody/HIV-1 gp120 complexes provide both general principles relevant to the unusual evolution of potent CD4-binding site antibodies and guidelines for structure-based immunogen design.

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