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    1. Developmental Biology

    Osteocalcin expressing cells from tendon sheaths in mice contribute to tendon repair by activating Hedgehog signaling

    Yi Wang et al.
    Cells in tendon sheaths, considered to be extrinsic tissues of tendon, possess stem or progenitor cell properties that are involved in tendon repair by activating the Hh-TGFb/Smad3 axis.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stress responsive miR-31 is a major modulator of mouse intestinal stem cells during regeneration and tumorigenesis

    Yuhua Tian et al.
    miR-31 drives proliferation of intestinal stem cells, and protects intestinal stem cells against apoptosis both during homeostasis and regeneration in response to ionizing radiation injury, and promotes intestinal tumorigenesis through regulation of multiple signaling pathways.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    5-hydroxymethylcytosine marks regions with reduced mutation frequency in human DNA

    Marketa Tomkova et al.
    Different types of epigenetic DNA modifications affect the likelihood of cytosine mutations in cancer.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A widely employed germ cell marker is an ancient disordered protein with reproductive functions in diverse eukaryotes

    Michelle A Carmell et al.
    GCNA proteins comprise a previously unnoticed family of proteins that has been enriched in cells carrying a heritable genome since the invention of sexual reproduction in eukaryotes, and has had reproductive function for at least 600 million years.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Cell lineage and cell cycling analyses of the 4d micromere using live imaging in the marine annelid Platynereis dumerilii

    B Duygu Özpolat et al.
    Lineage tracing at single-cell resolution reveals the presence of mesoteloblasts, the embryonic origin of mesodermal growth zone cells, and diverse cell cycling patterns of these lineages in the 'Polychaete' annelid Platynereis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Enforcement of developmental lineage specificity by transcription factor Oct1

    Zuolian Shen et al.
    Oct1 replaces Oct4 at critical targets shortly after ESC differentiation to promote expression of lineage-specific genes and repress lineage-inappropriate genes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Distinct clonal evolution of B-cells in HIV controllers with neutralizing antibody breadth

    Deniz Cizmeci et al.
    Extended somatic hypermutation and clonal evolution associated with antibody neutralization breath in HIV controllers with low plasma viral loads provide promise for HIV vaccine development.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Deficient spermiogenesis in mice lacking Rlim

    Feng Wang et al.
    Genetic analyses in mice identifies Rlim in the spermatogenic cell lineage as a regulator of cytoplasmic reduction during spermiogenesis.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    A simple and effective F0 knockout method for rapid screening of behaviour and other complex phenotypes

    François Kroll et al.
    Zebrafish knockouts can be generated in a few hours directly from wild-type eggs and are suitable for studying continuous traits, including behaviour.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.