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    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) paralog dose governs T cell effector and regulatory functions

    Alejandro Villarino et al.
    Asymmetrical expression dictates functional dominance of one STAT5 paralog at cellular and tissue levels despite redundancy at molecular and genomic levels.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Tumor evolutionary directed graphs and the history of chronic lymphocytic leukemia

    Jiguang Wang et al.
    A general framework captures the evolutionary routes leading to the formation and progression of tumors.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Role of framework mutations and antibody flexibility in the evolution of broadly neutralizing antibodies

    Victor Ovchinnikov et al.
    Computer simulations of the evolution of broadly neutralizing antibodies against HIV suggest that non-traditional pathways involving framework mutations which lead initially to increased antibody flexibility do occur, but can be avoided by appropriate vaccine design.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Neural stem cells induce the formation of their physical niche during organogenesis

    Ali Seleit et al.
    A physical niche for neural stem cells is generated by the induction of the immediate skin epithelium, a process triggered by the arrival of neural precursors during sensory organ formation in medaka.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Paternal multigenerational exposure to an obesogenic diet drives epigenetic predisposition to metabolic diseases in mice

    Georges Raad et al.
    Predisposition to obesity-associated diseases is dependent on the ancestors' diet.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Converting endogenous genes of the malaria mosquito into simple non-autonomous gene drives for population replacement

    Astrid Hoermann et al.
    Minimal genetic modifications of endogenous mosquito genes allow the tissue-specific expression of anti-malarial effectors and convert them into efficient non-autonomous gene drives.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Development of a confinable gene drive system in the human disease vector Aedes aegypti

    Ming Li et al.
    Highly efficient and confinable split gene drives are a new tool for the control of the dengue mosquito vector.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Testis single-cell RNA-seq reveals the dynamics of de novo gene transcription and germline mutational bias in Drosophila

    Evan Witt et al.
    Single-cell RNA-sequencing and germline substitutions provide novel insights into how testis is a hotspot for evolutionary innovation of genes, expression, and mutation at the single-cell level.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Olfactory receptor neurons use gain control and complementary kinetics to encode intermittent odorant stimuli

    Srinivas Gorur-Shandilya et al.
    Olfactory receptor neurons adapt to odorant mean and variance and use complementary kinetics to preserve the timing of odorant encounters, despite adaptation slowing down transduction.