495 results found
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Activating the regenerative potential of Müller glia cells in a regeneration-deficient retina

    Katharina Lust, Joachim Wittbrodt
    Müller glia cells in the medaka (Oryzias latipes) retina act as lineage restricted progenitors which only regenerate photoreceptors but can be activated to perform as potent stem cells using Sox2.
    1. Neuroscience

    NG2 glial cells integrate synaptic input in global and dendritic calcium signals

    Wenjing Sun et al.
    NG2 glial cells respond to synaptic input with calcium signals in the absence of action potentials and process synaptic depolarizations with somatic and dendritic voltage gated channels.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stochastic cell-cycle entry and cell-state-dependent fate outputs of injury-reactivated tectal radial glia in zebrafish

    Shuguang Yu, Jie He
    The analysis of injury-reactivated tectal radial glia in zebrafish reveals a stochastic cell-cycle entry and cell-state-dependent regulation of the balance between neurogenesis and gliogenesis.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Systemic and local cues drive neural stem cell niche remodelling during neurogenesis in Drosophila

    Pauline Spéder, Andrea H Brand
    Cross talk between neural stem cells and their glial niche enables the niche to adapt to the evolving needs of the stem cells throughout development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Regulation of neuronal axon specification by glia-neuron gap junctions in C. elegans

    Lingfeng Meng et al.
    Genetic study of C. elegans neural development reveals the function of glia-neuron gap junctions in neuronal axon specification, and shows that glial cells regulate neuronal intracellular pathways through gap junctions.
    1. Neuroscience

    PTEN negatively regulates the cell lineage progression from NG2+ glial progenitor to oligodendrocyte via mTOR-independent signaling

    Estibaliz González-Fernández et al.
    OPC-specific genetic inhibition of Akt upstream and downstream molecules in the mouse, and simultaneous OPC fate analysis reveal that PTEN-AKT-GSK3b forms a persistent negative signaling pathway for OL development, in parallel with the AKT-mTORC1 pathway.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Species and cell-type properties of classically defined human and rodent neurons and glia

    Xiao Xu et al.
    Gene expression and epigenetic profiling of defined cell types in the central nervous system of mouse, rat, and human reveals inter-species and inter-individual differences.
    1. Neuroscience

    Axons: The cost of communication in the brain

    Brian A MacVicar et al.
    Imaging ATP in axons reveals that they rely on glucose from the blood and lactate produced by glial cells as sources of energy.
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    1. Developmental Biology

    The Glide/Gcm fate determinant controls initiation of collective cell migration by regulating Frazzled

    Tripti Gupta et al.
    The role of the Frazzled chemoattractant receptor is to triggers migration initiation as part of the glial developmental program induced by the Glide/Gcm transcription factor.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    ErbB expressing Schwann cells control lateral line progenitor cells via non-cell-autonomous regulation of Wnt/β-catenin

    Mark E Lush, Tatjana Piotrowski
    Schwann cell induced quiescence of mechanosensory progenitor cells is mediated by inhibition of Wnt/β-catenin signaling.

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