624 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    α-synuclein strains that cause distinct pathologies differentially inhibit proteasome

    Genjiro Suzuki et al.
    One α-synuclein strain inhibited proteasome activity and induced apparent pathologies, while the other did not, indicating a strain-dependent toxicity of α-synuclein aggregates, which support a prion-like behavior of α-synuclein.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microglial calcium signaling is attuned to neuronal activity in awake mice

    Anthony D Umpierre et al.
    Microglial processes engage calcium signaling in response to hyper- or hypo-active shifts in neuronal activity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Real-time in vivo imaging of extracellular ATP in the brain with a hybrid-type fluorescent sensor

    Nami Kitajima et al.
    Hybrid-type fluorescent ATP sensor showing submicromolar affinity, a large fluorescence response, high selectivity and pH-independence visualized extracellular ATP dynamics in the brain of living mice with high spatiotemporal resolution.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Microtubules originate asymmetrically at the somatic golgi and are guided via Kinesin2 to maintain polarity within neurons

    Amrita Mukherjee et al.
    The somatic Golgi acts as an asymmetric MTOC within Drosophila neurons, and this, together with the action Kinesin-2, helps maintain minus-end-out microtubule polarity with proximal dendrites.
    1. Neuroscience

    Alzheimer’s disease risk gene BIN1 induces Tau-dependent network hyperexcitability

    Yuliya Voskobiynyk et al.
    BIN1 forms a complex with Tau and voltage-gated calcium channels in neurons, and higher BIN1 levels promote neuronal activity, calcium influx, and bursting that is blocked by reducing Tau.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Protective role of neuronal and lymphoid cannabinoid CB2 receptors in neuropathic pain

    David Cabañero et al.
    Operant drug self-administration in a mouse model of neuropathic pain reveals pain-relieving effects of a cannabinoid CB2 receptor agonist that are mediated through CB2 receptors of neurons and lymphocytes.
    1. Neuroscience

    3,6’-dithiopomalidomide reduces neural loss, inflammation, behavioral deficits in brain injury and microglial activation

    Chih-Tung Lin et al.
    The new drug 3,6’-dithiopomalidomide mitigates key markers of neuronal death and neuroinflammation and improves acute behavioral outcome measures in traumatic brain injury, a common, debilitating disorder that lacks effective treatment.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Clustered gamma-protocadherins regulate cortical interneuron programmed cell death

    Walter R Mancia Leon et al.
    Pcdhg determine survival of the GABAergic cortical interneuron population that is necessary to establish and maintain proper excitatory to inhibitory balance in the cerebral cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Phylogenetic variation in cortical layer II immature neuron reservoir of mammals

    Chiara La Rosa et al.
    The higher amount of cortical immature neurons in brains with expanded neocortices may represent a reservoir of young cells for mammals with reduced neurogenesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    New insights into the mechanism of dynein motor regulation by lissencephaly-1

    Steven M Markus et al.
    The role of LIS1 in dynein-mediated transport in various biological contexts is reviewed with a focus on recent studies that revealed a new mechanism by which LIS1 functions.

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