816 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    TRPM7 is critical for short-term synaptic depression by regulating synaptic vesicle endocytosis

    Zhong-Jiao Jiang et al.
    Electrophysiological and live-cell imaging analyses identify a presynaptic function of Ca2+ influx via transient receptor potential melastatin 7 (TRPM7) channels.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The LRRK2 G2019S mutation alters astrocyte-to-neuron communication via extracellular vesicles and induces neuron atrophy in a human iPSC-derived model of Parkinson’s disease

    Aurelie de Rus Jacquet et al.
    Extracellular vesicles are proposed as novel, non-cell-autonomous mediators of neuronal atrophy in Parkinson's disease.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Activity-dependent modulation of synapse-regulating genes in astrocytes

    Isabella Farhy-Tselnicker et al.
    RNA sequencing and genetic mouse models reveal that transcriptional changes to astrocytes in the developing cortex are not intrinsic but influenced by their environment and determine that expression of astrocyte synapse-regulating genes and neuronal synaptogenesis is modulated by ongoing astrocyte-neuron communication.
    1. Cell Biology

    Ectocytosis prevents accumulation of ciliary cargo in C. elegans sensory neurons

    Adria Razzauti, Patrick Laurent
    Disposal of ciliary proteins via ectosomes budding from cilia tip or cilia base acts as a safeguard mechanism when cilia trafficking functions are impaired.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Unbiased identification of novel transcription factors in striatal compartmentation and striosome maturation

    Maria-Daniela Cirnaru et al.
    RNAseq and ATACseq are utilized to identify transcription factors participating in striatal compartmentation into striosome and matrix, and roles for Stat1, Olig2, and Foxf2 are validated in vitro and in vivo.
    1. Neuroscience

    Profiling sensory neuron microenvironment after peripheral and central axon injury reveals key pathways for neural repair

    Oshri Avraham et al.
    The microenvironment surrounding sensory neurons in dorsal root ganglia responds differently to peripheral and central injuries, revealing that non-neuronal cells can be manipulated to promote axon regeneration after central injury.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activation of mTORC1 and c-Jun by Prohibitin1 loss in Schwann cells may link mitochondrial dysfunction to demyelination

    Gustavo Della-Flora Nunes et al.
    mTORC1 and c-Jun are implicated in a possible mechanism causing myelin loss downstream of mitochondrial dysfunction in Schwann cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dorsal premammillary projection to periaqueductal gray controls escape vigor from innate and conditioned threats

    Weisheng Wang et al.
    Activity in the hypothalamic dorsal premammillary nucleus predicts future escape from threat, represents escape velocity, and controls escape velocity via a projection to the brainstem.
    1. Neuroscience

    Heterogeneous side effects of cortical inactivation in behaving animals

    Ariana R Andrei et al.
    Focal optogenetic inactivation of cortex induces complex changes in neural responses outside the targeted area that can influence behavioral performance.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Glycolytic preconditioning in astrocytes mitigates trauma-induced neurodegeneration

    Rene Solano Fonseca et al.
    Promoting a Warburg-like shift in astrocytic metabolism through reduced mitochondrial electron transport accommodates the energetic burden caused by brain trauma without overwhelming cellular respiration and redox to salvage dopaminergic neurons.

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