900 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Dynamic control of adipose tissue development and adult tissue homeostasis by platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha

    Sunhye Shin et al.
    Combined fate mapping and genetic deletion studies reveal that PDGFRα+ cells and PDGFRα gene itself are required for adipose tissue development but not for adult tissue homeostasis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microglia TREM2R47H Alzheimer-linked variant enhances excitatory transmission and reduces LTP via increased TNF-α levels

    Siqiang Ren et al.
    Analysis of rats carrying the microglia gene and Alzheimer risk factor Trem2R47H variant shows increased glutamatergic transmission via supraphysiological TNF-α brain concentrations, linking a microglia pathogenic variant to neuronal dysfunction.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    TMAO, a seafood-derived molecule, produces diuresis and reduces mortality in heart failure rats

    Marta Gawrys-Kopczynska et al.
    Trimethylamine-oxide (TMAO), a molecule present in seafood, reduces mortality and exerts beneficial effects on the circulatory system in heart failure rats.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Doa10 is a membrane protein retrotranslocase in ER-associated protein degradation

    Claudia C Schmidt et al.
    Doa10, a membrane-embedded ubiquitin ligase, facilitates the removal of membrane proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum and cooperates with the Cdc48 ATPase in this process.
    1. Neuroscience

    Leptin increases sympathetic nerve activity via induction of its own receptor in the paraventricular nucleus

    Zhigang Shi et al.
    Leptin acts in the paraventricular nucleus to slowly increase sympathetic nerve activity to skeletal muscle and brown adipose tissue via induction of its own receptor in TRH glutamatergic neurons.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Identification of a novel toxicophore in anti-cancer chemotherapeutics that targets mitochondrial respiratory complex I

    Zoe A Stephenson et al.
    A novel toxicophore, a 1H-1,2,3-triazole, has been identified in a wide-number of therapeutically-relevant compounds, including two anti-cancer chemotherapeutics, which inhibits mitochondria function and is mechanistically linked to adverse cardiac-cell events.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mouse brain transcriptome responses to inhaled nanoparticulate matter differed by sex and APOE in Nrf2-Nfkb interactions

    Amin Haghani et al.
    Transcriptome analysis of mouse brain revealed that the APOE4 allele and sex can alter air pollution neurotoxicity in adults.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Combined deletion of Glut1 and Glut3 impairs lung adenocarcinoma growth

    Caroline Contat et al.
    In lung adenocarcinoma, deleting one glucose transporter, whether it is Glut1 or Glut3 is insufficient, whereas their dual deletion reduces tumor growth.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Aberrant subchondral osteoblastic metabolism modifies NaV1.8 for osteoarthritis

    Jianxi Zhu et al.
    Osteoblastic PGE2 induces pain and OA progression by NaV1.8 modification and serves as a potential target multiple skeletal pain and degenerations.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    A single-cell transcriptomic and anatomic atlas of mouse dorsal raphe Pet1 neurons

    Benjamin W Okaty et al.
    Dorsal raphe Pet1 neurons are molecularly heterogeneous, comprising as many as fourteen distinct subtypes that show biased cell body distributions across dorsal raphe subdomains.

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