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    1. Developmental Biology

    Transient hypothyroidism favors oligodendrocyte generation providing functional remyelination in the adult mouse brain

    Sylvie Remaud et al.
    Production of remyelinating subventricular zone oligodendrocyte progenitors is stimulated by transient abrogation of thyroid hormone signalling in the adult neural stem cell niche.
    1. Neuroscience

    Two-photon calcium imaging of the medial prefrontal cortex and hippocampus without cortical invasion

    Masashi Kondo et al.
    Establishment of two-photon imaging with a 1100-nm laser, which underfills the objective's back aperture, detects activity of multiple neurons in the prelimbic area and hippocampal CA1 region of the intact mouse brain.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Integrated β-catenin, BMP, PTEN, and Notch signalling patterns the nephron

    Nils O Lindström et al.
    The patterning of the nephron is driven by a gradient in the activity of β-catenin and further defined by a network of BMP, PTEN and NOTCH signalling.
    1. Plant Biology

    Phosphatidylcholines from Pieris brassicae eggs activate an immune response in Arabidopsis

    Elia Stahl et al.
    Plants detect the presence of phospholipids in eggs from a herbivorous insect and trigger innate immunity.
    1. Medicine

    TMAO, a seafood-derived molecule, produces diuresis and reduces mortality in heart failure rats

    Marta Gawrys-Kopczynska et al.
    Trimethylamine-oxide (TMAO), a molecule present in seafood, reduces mortality and exerts beneficial effects on the circulatory system in heart failure rats.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Pyphe, a python toolbox for assessing microbial growth and cell viability in high-throughput colony screens

    Stephan Kamrad et al.
    An open-source python package for phenotype analyses provides a versatile, modular and user-friendly solution to determine complementary fitness-related traits from large-scale assays of microbial colonies.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    A non-mosaic transchromosomic mouse model of Down syndrome carrying the long arm of human chromosome 21

    Yasuhiro Kazuki et al.
    TcMAC21 is an appropriate “next gen” mouse model for DS research, and provides a proof of concept of using artificial chromosomes to generate non-mosaic humanized animal models of chromosome disorders.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    A large accessory protein interactome is rewired across environments

    Zhimin Liu et al.
    A massively multiplexed multi-condition screen shows that protein interactomes are larger than previously thought and contain highly dynamic regions that reorganize to drive or respond to cellular changes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mitochondrial ClpX activates an essential biosynthetic enzyme through partial unfolding

    Julia R Kardon et al.
    The mitochondrial protein unfoldase ClpX activates the first enzyme in heme biosynthesis, ALAS, by targeted unfolding that gates access of cofactor to the ALAS active site.
    1. Cell Biology

    Distinct regulatory ribosomal ubiquitylation events are reversible and hierarchically organized

    Danielle M Garshott et al.
    A hierarchical relationship among highly conserved regulatory ribosomal ubiquitylation events and the presence of antagonistic deubiquitylating enzymes suggests a dynamic ubiquitin code impacts ribosome-associated activities.