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    1. Cancer Biology

    Imaging of glucose metabolism by 13C-MRI distinguishes pancreatic cancer subtypes in mice

    Shun Kishimoto et al.
    Using noise suppression, real-time imaging of glucose metabolism is possible by 13C MRI and reveals previously undetected metabolic differences within tumors.
    1. Cell Biology

    AMPK and vacuole-associated Atg14p orchestrate μ-lipophagy for energy production and long-term survival under glucose starvation

    Arnold Y Seo et al.
    Upon AMPK activation by acute glucose restriction, Atg14p shifts its distribution from ER exit sites to liquid-ordered membrane domains on the vacuolar surface where, together with Atg6p, it facilitates LD-specific autophagy (i.e., microautophagy of lipid droplets) for energy production and long-term survival of starved cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    Distinct Akt phosphorylation states are required for insulin regulated Glut4 and Glut1-mediated glucose uptake

    Muheeb Beg et al.
    Distinct phosphorylations of Akt determine the regulation of glucose uptake into fat and epithelial cells, revealing unexpected specialization in both Akt activation and its downstream control of glucose metabolism.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The Drosophila HNF4 nuclear receptor promotes glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and mitochondrial function in adults

    William E Barry, Carl S Thummel
    Drosophila HNF4 directs a developmental switch at the onset of adulthood that suppresses diabetes by promoting mitochondrial function and supporting glucose-stimulated insulin secretion.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Adrb2 controls glucose homeostasis by developmental regulation of pancreatic islet vasculature

    Alexis M Ceasrine et al.
    β2-adrenergic receptors control glucose metabolism by regulating cross-talk between pancreatic islet endocrine cells and vasculature during development.
    1. Cell Biology

    PDIA1/P4HB is required for efficient proinsulin maturation and ß cell health in response to diet induced obesity

    Insook Jang et al.
    The major protein disulfide isomerase family member, PDIA1, is essential in beta cells of mice fed a high-fat diet to maintain glucose homeostasis, proinsulin maturation and organelle integrity.
    1. Neuroscience

    POMC neurons expressing leptin receptors coordinate metabolic responses to fasting via suppression of leptin levels

    Alexandre Caron et al.
    A subset of hypothalamic POMC neurons that express leptin receptors control metabolic responses to changing energy availability including regulating blood glucose and leptin levels.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cellular acidosis triggers human MondoA transcriptional activity by driving mitochondrial ATP production

    Blake R Wilde et al.
    The MondoA transcription factor localizes to the outer mitochondrial membrane where it coordinates an adaptive transcriptional response to elevated cellular energy represented by high cytoplasmic glucose and high mitochondrial ATP.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Hedgehog signaling via Gli2 prevents obesity induced by high-fat diet in adult mice

    Yu Shi, Fanxin Long
    Targeted activation of Hedgehog signalling via Gli2 facilitated the reduction of high-fat-diet-induced obesity and improvement of whole-body glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in adult mice.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Death following traumatic brain injury in Drosophila is associated with intestinal barrier dysfunction

    Rebeccah J Katzenberger et al.
    Use of a newly developed experimental model in fruit flies reveals that death following traumatic brain injury is largely due to a mechanism by which brain damage triggers disruption of the intestinal barrier, leading to elevated levels of glucose in the circulatory system with deleterious consequences.