1,977 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine neuron glutamate cotransmission evokes a delayed excitation in lateral dorsal striatal cholinergic interneurons

    Nao Chuhma et al.
    Dopamine neurons make novel glutamatergic connections to striatal cholinergic interneurons in the lateral dorsal striatum that are mediated by metabotropic glutamate receptors coupled to TrpC channels.
    1. Neuroscience

    Supramammillary nucleus synchronizes with dentate gyrus to regulate spatial memory retrieval through glutamate release

    Yadong Li et al.
    Multi-fiber photometry recording and circuit-based manipulation in vivo identify a long-range SuM-DG circuit linking two highly correlated subcortical regions to regulate spatial memory retrieval through SuM glutamate transmission.
    1. Neuroscience

    A circuit-dependent ROS feedback loop mediates glutamate excitotoxicity to sculpt the Drosophila motor system

    Jhan-Jie Peng et al.
    Glutamate excitotoxicity induces a circuit-dependent ROS feedback loop to alter motor system integrity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Pharmacological evidence for a metabotropic glutamate receptor heterodimer in neuronal cells

    David Moreno Delgado et al.
    Innovative approaches were used to identify the specific pharmacological properties of heterodimeric metabotropic glutamate receptors composed of mGlu2 and mGlu4 subunits, and reveal their existence in a neuronal cell line and in perforant path terminals.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Binding and transport of D-aspartate by the glutamate transporter homolog GltTk

    Valentina Arkhipova et al.
    Glutamate transporter homologs can efficiently bind and transport both L- and D- enantiomeric substrates with only slight rearrangements in the binding site.
    1. Neuroscience

    Paradoxical network excitation by glutamate release from VGluT3+ GABAergic interneurons

    Kenneth A Pelkey et al.
    Glutamate cotransmission from a subset of cortical GABAergic interneurons can promote network hyperexcitability.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Metazoan evolution of glutamate receptors reveals unreported phylogenetic groups and divergent lineage-specific events

    David Ramos-Vicente et al.
    The animal phylogeny of glutamate receptors indicates that vertebrate types do not account for all receptor classes originated during evolution, neither are they the pinnacle of a linear evolutive process.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The dual role of chloride in synaptic vesicle glutamate transport

    Roger Chang et al.
    Whole endosome recording shows that chloride interacts with vesicular glutamate transporters as both allosteric activator and permeant ion, and although the mode of permeation differs, chloride and glutamate use a related conduction pathway.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conformational dynamics between transmembrane domains and allosteric modulation of a metabotropic glutamate receptor

    Vanessa A Gutzeit et al.
    Single molecule subunit counting, FRET and electrophysiology experiments reveal that metabotropic glutamate receptor subunits interact and rearrange at the level of the transmembrane domains in response to allosteric modulators.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures of the human glutamine transporter SLC1A5 (ASCT2) in the outward-facing conformation

    Xiaodi Yu et al.
    Cryo-EM structures of unliganded SLC1A5 and its complex with glutamine in outward-facing state provide insights into the substrate specificity and transport mechanism and will be helpful for developing selective inhibitors.

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