842 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Optocontrol of glutamate receptor activity by single side-chain photoisomerization

    Viktoria Klippenstein et al.
    Introduction of single photoswitchable unnatural amino acid into a neuronal receptor provides reversible, rapid and robust control of its activity by light, representing an important contribution to the fast expanding field of optopharmacology.
    1. Neuroscience

    Plasticity of calcium-permeable AMPA glutamate receptors in Pro-opiomelanocortin neurons

    Shigetomo Suyama et al.
    Neurons in the hypothalamus that promote satiety manifest plasticity of their response to the excitatory transmitter, glutamate, by re-organizing the composition of a specific glutamare receptor.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Filamin, a synaptic organizer in Drosophila, determines glutamate receptor composition and membrane growth

    GaYoung Lee, Thomas L Schwarz
    Filamin, by recruiting a signaling complex to the postsynapse, orchestrates the correct formation and growth of postsynaptic membranes and localization of glutamate receptor subunits.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Pharmacological evidence for a metabotropic glutamate receptor heterodimer in neuronal cells

    David Moreno Delgado et al.
    Innovative approaches were used to identify the specific pharmacological properties of heterodimeric metabotropic glutamate receptors composed of mGlu2 and mGlu4 subunits, and reveal their existence in a neuronal cell line and in perforant path terminals.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Control of AMPA receptor activity by the extracellular loops of auxiliary proteins

    Irene Riva et al.
    Glutamate receptor auxiliary proteins exert their effects on receptor gating through two divergent extracellular loops, explaining subunit specificity and allowing the construction of null versions that form complexes normally but do not modify receptor gating.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Signalling through AMPA receptors on oligodendrocyte precursors promotes myelination by enhancing oligodendrocyte survival

    Eleni Kougioumtzidou et al.
    Electrically active axons in white matter stimulate their own myelination by releasing glutamate, which signals through AMPA-type glutamate receptors on nearby oligodendrocyte precursors and newly-differentiating oligodendrocytes, enhancing their survival and hence their ability to myelinate.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sex differences in cerebellar synaptic transmission and sex-specific responses to autism-linked Gabrb3 mutations in mice

    Audrey A Mercer et al.
    Male and female mice differ in basal cerebellar physiology, including the magnitude of synaptic excitation by metabotropic glutamate receptors, kinetics of synaptic inhibition, intrinsic properties, and responses to autism-linked mutations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early dysfunction and progressive degeneration of the subthalamic nucleus in mouse models of Huntington's disease

    Jeremy F Atherton et al.
    In mouse models of Huntington's disease, the subthalamic nucleus, which suppresses movements, also exhibits impaired glutamate homeostasis, NMDA receptor-dependent mitochondrial oxidant stress, firing disruption, and 30% neuronal loss.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Preferential assembly of heteromeric kainate and AMPA receptor amino terminal domains

    Huaying Zhao et al.
    Members of kainate and AMPA families of glutamate receptors exhibit large differences in affinity for homo- and hetero-dimerziation of their amino terminal domains, which may control gating characteristics and ion selectivity of receptor subtypes with different subunit composition.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The p38 MAP kinase pathway modulates the hypoxia response and glutamate receptor trafficking in aging neurons

    Eun Chan Park, Christopher Rongo
    The subcellular localization of the prolyl hydroxylase oxygen sensor in C. elegans neurons is regulated by p38 MAP kinase signaling.

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