1,796 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Ubiquitin-interacting motifs of ataxin-3 regulate its polyglutamine toxicity through Hsc70-4-dependent aggregation

    Sean L Johnson et al.
    Pathogenesis in Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 3 is enhanced by the heat-shock protein family member, Hsc70-4, uncovering new mechanisms of toxicity for this disease and suggesting pleiotropic roles for chaperones.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Dynamic change of electrostatic field in TMEM16F permeation pathway shifts its ion selectivity

    Wenlei Ye et al.
    TMEM16F shifts its ion selectivity in response to change of intracellular Ca2+, membrane potential and ionic strength.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    In-depth human plasma proteome analysis captures tissue proteins and transfer of protein variants across the placenta

    Maria Pernemalm et al.
    Comprehensive mass spectrometry analysis of human plasma proteome reveals tissue leakage proteins, describes variability between individual plasma proteomes and demonstrates protein transfer across the placenta during pregnancy.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis induces decelerated bioenergetic metabolism in human macrophages

    Bridgette M Cumming et al.
    Quantifiable bioenergetic parameters, determined from extracellular flux analyses, are distinct between macrophages infected with Mycobacteriumtuberculosis or vaccine strain M. bovis BCG, enabling assessment of future vaccine and drug efficacy.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    GPIHBP1 expression in gliomas promotes utilization of lipoprotein-derived nutrients

    Xuchen Hu et al.
    The expression of the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) transporter GPIHBP1 in glioma capillaries promotes the LPL-mediated processing of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, thereby providing lipid nutrients for glioma cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Small molecule proteostasis regulators that reprogram the ER to reduce extracellular protein aggregation

    Lars Plate et al.
    Small molecule proteostasis regulators that activate the unfolded protein response transcription factor ATF6 reduce the secretion of amyloid disease-associated proteins.
    1. Cancer Biology

    MELK expression correlates with tumor mitotic activity but is not required for cancer growth

    Christopher J Giuliano et al.
    Cancer cells can grow in vitro and in vivo in the absence of maternal embryonic leucine zipper kinase (MELK).
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Mitotic spindle scaling during Xenopus development by kif2a and importin α

    Jeremy D Wilbur, Rebecca Heald
    An interaction between two proteins enables the spindle—the structure that segregates chromosome pairs during mitosis—to change size as cells divide.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cell autonomous regulation of hippocampal circuitry via Aph1b-γ-secretase/neuregulin 1 signalling

    Pietro Fazzari et al.
    Genetic rescue experiments reveal that γ-secretase enzymes containing Aph1b subunits control signalling by type III neuregulin 1, with implications for schizophrenia.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Competition between antagonistic complement factors for a single protein on N. meningitidis rules disease susceptibility

    Joseph JE Caesar et al.
    Genetic susceptibility to an infectious disease is linked to competition for binding a molecule on the bacterial surface by two host proteins with opposing roles in host immunity.

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