2,163 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The cytokine GDF15 signals through a population of brainstem cholecystokinin neurons to mediate anorectic signalling

    Amy A Worth et al.
    The GDF15 receptor, GFRAL,is expressed on a unique population of brainstem CCK neurons and mediates pathophysiological anorexia.
    1. Neuroscience

    α-synuclein strains that cause distinct pathologies differentially inhibit proteasome

    Genjiro Suzuki et al.
    One α-synuclein strain inhibited proteasome activity and induced apparent pathologies, while the other did not, indicating a strain-dependent toxicity of α-synuclein aggregates, which support a prion-like behavior of α-synuclein.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Dissecting cell-type-specific metabolism in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma

    Allison N Lau et al.
    Isotope tracing into macromolecules enables functional analysis of metabolism in specific cell populations in tumors and provides insight into metabolic differences between cancer and stromal cells in their endogenous microenvironment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microglial calcium signaling is attuned to neuronal activity in awake mice

    Anthony D Umpierre et al.
    Microglial processes engage calcium signaling in response to hyper- or hypo-active shifts in neuronal activity.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A novel function of R-spondin1 in regulating estrogen receptor expression independent of Wnt/β-catenin signaling

    Ajun Geng et al.
    Wnt/β-Catenin independent role of Rspo1 in physiological condition is revealed.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Expression of different L1 isoforms of Mastomys natalensis papillomavirus as mechanism to circumvent adaptive immunity

    Yingying Fu et al.
    Cutaneous papillomaviruses potentially escape humoral immune response by synthesizing an alternative major capsid protein isoform during the initial course of infection that is unable to induce neutralizing antibodies.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Real-time in vivo imaging of extracellular ATP in the brain with a hybrid-type fluorescent sensor

    Nami Kitajima et al.
    Hybrid-type fluorescent ATP sensor showing submicromolar affinity, a large fluorescence response, high selectivity and pH-independence visualized extracellular ATP dynamics in the brain of living mice with high spatiotemporal resolution.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Regulation of BMP4/Dpp retrotranslocation and signaling by deglycosylation

    Antonio Galeone et al.
    The cytoplasmic enzyme N-glycanase 1 plays an evolutionary conserved role in promoting the ERAD-mediated retrotranslocation of misfolded Dpp/BMP4 from the ER, thereby allowing BMP signaling in specific contexts.
    1. Neuroscience

    Homeostatic plasticity fails at the intersection of autism-gene mutations and a novel class of common genetic modifiers

    Özgür Genç et al.
    Forward genetic screens define a novel genetic landscape by which diverse, unrelated autism risk genes may converge to commonly affect the robustness of synaptic transmission.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Peroxiredoxin promotes longevity and H2O2-resistance in yeast through redox-modulation of protein kinase A

    Friederike Roger et al.
    The major cytosolic yeast peroxiredoxin Tsa1 controls aging and H2O2-resistance by inhibiting protein kinase A through a conserved cysteine in the catalytic subunit activation loop and not by scavenging H2O2.

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