342 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    ON selectivity in the Drosophila visual system is a multisynaptic process involving both glutamatergic and GABAergic inhibition

    Sebastian Molina-Obando et al.
    A fundamental visual computation, the establishment of ON selectivity, is established across distributed circuits, allowing for more robust and flexible coding than suggested by core circuit motifs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activity-dependent switch of GABAergic inhibition into glutamatergic excitation in astrocyte-neuron networks

    Gertrudis Perea et al.
    Astrocytes decode temporal interneuron activity and transform inhibitory into excitatory signals that impact excitatory synaptic strength and neuronal circuit function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acute intermittent hypoxia enhances corticospinal synaptic plasticity in humans

    Lasse Christiansen et al.
    Acute intermittent hypoxia is a noninvasive approach that enhances corticospinal function in humans, likely through alterations in corticospinal-motoneuronal synaptic transmission.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurogliaform cortical interneurons derive from cells in the preoptic area

    Mathieu Niquille et al.
    In vivo genetic lineage-tracing reveals the developmental trajectory of neurogliaform cells, the main effectors of a powerful inhibitory motif in the neocortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Targeting light-gated chloride channels to neuronal somatodendritic domain reduces their excitatory effect in the axon

    Jessica E Messier et al.
    A high axonal chloride concentration explains why activation of light-gated chloride channels causes neurotransmitter release, and a novel hybrid somatodendritic targeting motif ameliorates this phenomenon and improves their inhibitory function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Plasticity of calcium-permeable AMPA glutamate receptors in Pro-opiomelanocortin neurons

    Shigetomo Suyama et al.
    Neurons in the hypothalamus that promote satiety manifest plasticity of their response to the excitatory transmitter, glutamate, by re-organizing the composition of a specific glutamare receptor.
    1. Neuroscience

    Physiological and pathophysiological control of synaptic GluN2B-NMDA receptors by the C-terminal domain of amyloid precursor protein

    Paula A Pousinha et al.
    The APP intracellular domain (AICD) physiologically regulates synaptic GluN2B-containing NMDA receptor current, a process that could contribute to pathological Alzheimer's disease-related synaptic failure upon increase of AICD levels in adult neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Chronic lithium treatment elicits its antimanic effects via BDNF-TrkB dependent synaptic downscaling

    Erinn S Gideons et al.
    The antimanic action of lithium requires BDNF-TrkB signaling coupled with enhanced dynamin-dependent endocytosis of AMPARs as a potential mechanism underlying the therapeutic effects.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motoneurons regulate the central pattern generator during drug-induced locomotor-like activity in the neonatal mouse

    Melanie Falgairolle et al.
    Motoneuron activity provides feedback to the spinal network responsible for generating locomotion in the developing mouse spinal cord.
    1. Neuroscience

    Energy imbalance alters Ca2+ handling and excitability of POMC neurons

    Lars Paeger et al.
    The development of diet-dependent obesity results in the deterioration of calcium homeostasis in pro-opiomelanocortin-expressing neurons and impaired function of the same neurons.

Refine your results by:

Type
Research categories