8 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Redox signaling via the molecular chaperone BiP protects cells against endoplasmic reticulum-derived oxidative stress

    Jie Wang et al.
    Direct modification by endogenous peroxide of a conserved cysteine in the molecular chaperone BiP decouples its ATPase and peptide-binding activities, allowing for enhanced polypeptide holdase activity during oxidative stress.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Quantitative H2S-mediated protein sulfhydration reveals metabolic reprogramming during the integrated stress response

    Xing-Huang Gao et al.
    ATF4, the master regulator of transcription during the Integrated Stress Response (ISR), causes global changes in cysteine sulfhydration of proteins and this event causes cellular metabolic reprogramming.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular mechanism of thermosensory function of human heat shock transcription factor Hsf1

    Nikolai Hentze et al.
    Heat-induced local unfolding allows Hsf1 to form trimers and bind to DNA, which depends on Hsf1 concentration and is promoted, not inhibited, by Hsp90.
    1. Cell Biology

    Profound regulation of Na/K pump activity by transient elevations of cytoplasmic calcium in murine cardiac myocytes

    Fang-Min Lu et al.
    Transient Ca elevations of cytoplasmic calcium in cardiac myocytes profoundly activate cardiac Na/K pump activity in parallel with physical-chemical changes of the sarcolemma but without involvement of conventional signaling mechanisms.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    An unexpected role for the yeast nucleotide exchange factor Sil1 as a reductant acting on the molecular chaperone BiP

    Kevin D Siegenthaler et al.
    Building on previous work (Wang et al., 2014), it is shown that the nucleotide exchange factor of the chaperone BiP (Sil1) unexpectedly facilitates the reduction of oxidized BiP.
    1. Medicine

    Late-life restoration of mitochondrial function reverses cardiac dysfunction in old mice

    Ying Ann Chiao et al.
    Mitochondrial-targeted SS-31 peptide ameliorates mitochondrial dysfunction and rescues pre-existing cardiac dysfunction in old mice, supporting the translational potential of mitochondrial protective interventions to treat age-related diseases.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Peroxiredoxin promotes longevity and H2O2-resistance in yeast through redox-modulation of protein kinase A

    Friederike Roger et al.
    The major cytosolic yeast peroxiredoxin Tsa1 controls aging and H2O2-resistance by inhibiting protein kinase A through a conserved cysteine in the catalytic subunit activation loop and not by scavenging H2O2.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Reactive oxygen species oxidize STING and suppress interferon production

    Lili Tao et al.
    Redox modification of STING represents a novel target for interferon regulation and control of herpesvirus replication.

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