2,935 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Methylation of RNA polymerase II non-consensus Lysine residues marks early transcription in mammalian cells

    João D Dias et al.
    Lysine mono- and di-methylation are two novel post-translational modifications of RNA polymerase II, which are enriched at promoters of active genes, precede lysine acetylation and mark early stages of transcription.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Identification of an allosteric binding site on the human glycine transporter, GlyT2, for bioactive lipid analgesics

    Shannon N Mostyn et al.
    Identification of how bioactive lipids bind and inhibit glycine transporters has the potential to be exploited in the development of a new class of analgesics for chronic pain.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A broadly neutralizing macaque monoclonal antibody against the HIV-1 V3-Glycan patch

    Zijun Wang et al.
    Rhesus macaques can develop broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) against the V3-glycan patch of Env that resembles human V3/N332 bNABs.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Towards novel herbicide modes of action by inhibiting lysine biosynthesis in plants

    Tatiana P Soares da Costa et al.
    Proof-of-principle for a new herbicide mode of action through the identification of novel inhibitors of lysine biosynthesis with in planta efficacy.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    SIRT2 and lysine fatty acylation regulate the transforming activity of K-Ras4a

    Hui Jing et al.
    A new post-translational regulatory mechanism of K-Ras is identified, which expands the function of reversible protein lysine fatty acylation and offers new possibility to target the K-Ras oncoprotein.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Germline VRC01 antibody recognition of a modified clade C HIV-1 envelope trimer and a glycosylated HIV-1 gp120 core

    Andrew J Borst et al.
    An integrative structural and biophysical workflow indicates engagement of VRC01 germline antibodies can occur with a gp120 426c core construct containing all wild-type N-linked glycosylation sites, including the Asn276 glycan.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Role of D-aminoacyl-tRNA deacylase beyond chiral proofreading as a cellular defense against glycine mischarging by AlaRS

    Komal Ishwar Pawar et al.
    Along with preventing D-amino acids from being incorporated into proteins, D-aminoacyl-tRNA deacylase clears achiral glycine that is incorrectly attached to tRNAAla.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Golgi self-correction generates bioequivalent glycans to preserve cellular homeostasis

    Haik Mkhikian et al.
    Structurally dissimilar N-glycans can be functionally equivalent, and are produced via a self-correcting feature of the Golgi.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanism of ubiquitin ligation and lysine prioritization by a HECT E3

    Hari B Kamadurai et al.
    Structural studies reveal the mechanism by which a HECT E3 ubiquitin ligase carries out E2-to-E3-to-substrate ubiquitin transfer and prioritizes target lysines for ubiquitination.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional development of a V3/glycan-specific broadly neutralizing antibody isolated from a case of HIV superinfection

    Mackenzie M Shipley et al.
    A bnAb derived from a case of HIV superinfection has distinct qualities from other HIV-specific bnAbs, including framework residues that contribute to neutralization breadth and a unique viral escape profile.

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