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    1. Cell Biology

    The spatial separation of processing and transport functions to the interior and periphery of the Golgi stack

    Hieng Chiong Tie et al.
    Transport machinery localizes at the cisternal rim while modification machinery localizes at the interior.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Blumenols as shoot markers of root symbiosis with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi

    Ming Wang et al.
    Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi-induced hydroxy- and carboxyblumenol C glycosides accumulate in plant shoots and allow for facile high-throughput screening for functional plant-AMF associations.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Fucosylation and protein glycosylation create functional receptors for cholera toxin

    Amberlyn M Wands et al.
    Cholera intoxication of human colonic epithelial cells is dependent on recognition of protein glycosylation and fucosylation, not exclusively on ganglioside recognition as proposed previously.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Inverse regulation of Vibrio cholerae biofilm dispersal by polyamine signals

    Andrew A Bridges, Bonnie L Bassler
    The global pathogen Vibrio cholerae monitors environmental polyamines to garner information about numbers of ‘self’ versus ‘other’ in the vicinity, and in response, to remain or disperse from biofilms.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    The role of photorespiration during the evolution of C4 photosynthesis in the genus Flaveria

    Julia Mallmann et al.
    Metabolic exaptation of an anaplerotic nitrogen cycle between bundle sheath and mesophyll cells may explain the remarkably frequent convergent evolution of C4 photosynthesis.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structure of the potassium-chloride cotransporter KCC4 in lipid nanodiscs

    Michelle S Reid et al.
    The structure of the potassium-chloride cotransporter KCC4 provides insight into the basis of ion specificity, transport stoichiometry, and activity regulation for a broadly physiologically and clinically important transporter family.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A conserved major facilitator superfamily member orchestrates a subset of O-glycosylation to aid macrophage tissue invasion

    Katarina Valoskova et al.
    T antigen glycosylation, which marks metastatic cancer cells, is modulated on a small set of proteins by a conserved multipass transmembrane protein to allow tissue invasion by Drosophila macrophages.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Golgi self-correction generates bioequivalent glycans to preserve cellular homeostasis

    Haik Mkhikian et al.
    Structurally dissimilar N-glycans can be functionally equivalent, and are produced via a self-correcting feature of the Golgi.
    1. Neuroscience

    Endocannabinoid signaling enhances visual responses through modulation of intracellular chloride levels in retinal ganglion cells

    Loïs S Miraucourt et al.
    Endocannabinoid activation of the CB1 receptor on retinal ganglion cells in the eye results in enhanced excitability and responsiveness to visual stimulation through a novel mechanism involving intracellular chloride regulation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    GluN2B-containing NMDA receptors regulate depression-like behavior and are critical for the rapid antidepressant actions of ketamine

    Oliver H Miller et al.
    The rapid antidepressant actions of low dose ketamine occur through the direct relief of suppression of protein synthesis via antagonism of a subset of NMDA receptors containing the GluN2B subunit.