166 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Sequestration of host metabolism by an intracellular pathogen

    Lena Gehre et al.
    The bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, a human pathogen, hijacks its host’s energy supplies by using the parasitophorous vacuole as a glycogen synthesis and storage compartment.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Intracellular calcium leak lowers glucose storage in human muscle, promoting hyperglycemia and diabetes

    Eshwar R Tammineni et al.
    Calcium-driven protein changes, causing glycogenolysis, poor synthesis, and diminished content of glycogen, along with diminished glucose transporters, lead to hyperglycemia in patients prone to calcium leaks from intracellular muscle stores.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Recreating the synthesis of starch granules in yeast

    Barbara Pfister et al.
    Yeast cells can be engineered to study starch, the semi-crystalline storage carbohydrate from plants that is central to human nutrition.
    1. Ecology

    Cyclic bouts of extreme bradycardia counteract the high metabolism of frugivorous bats

    M Teague O'Mara et al.
    Novel heart rate strategies that minimize energy expenditure during the day are necessary to cope with high energy nocturnal lifestyles of tent-making bats.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Msn2/4 regulate expression of glycolytic enzymes and control transition from quiescence to growth

    Zheng Kuang et al.
    General stress response factors Msn2 and Msn4 activate glycolytic genes and promote acetyl-CoA accumulation to stimulate growth and proliferation of yeast cells under a nutrient-limiting condition, suggesting the unexpected interrelationship between carbohydrate metabolism and stress response.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Drosophila STING protein has a role in lipid metabolism

    Katarina Akhmetova et al.
    Drosophila STING protein, or stimulator of interferon genes, has a direct but previously unknown role in the lipid metabolism.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Body size-dependent energy storage causes Kleiber’s law scaling of the metabolic rate in planarians

    Albert Thommen et al.
    A combination of experimental and theoretical analysis identifies body size-dependent energy storage as the physiological cause of 3/4-power law scaling of the metabolic rate in planarians.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Switching of metabolic programs in response to light availability is an essential function of the cyanobacterial circadian output pathway

    Anna M Puszynska, Erin K O'Shea
    The circadian clock of Synechococcus elongatus PCC7942 schedules the activity of the transcription factor RpaA, which controls key events in carbon metabolism that contribute to cell fitness in conditions mimicking the natural environment.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A tRNA modification balances carbon and nitrogen metabolism by regulating phosphate homeostasis

    Ritu Gupta et al.
    The role of an amino acid-dependent tRNA modification as a nutrient sensor and regulator of metabolic homeostasis has been discovered.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Glycolysis and glutaminolysis cooperatively control T cell function by limiting metabolite supply to N-glycosylation

    Lindsey Araujo et al.
    Metabolic switches between oxidative phosphorylation and aerobic glycolysis plus glutaminolysis direct T cell function by altering the flux of glucose and glutamine to N-glycosylation.

Refine your results by:

Type
Research categories