360 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    The unfolded protein response in fission yeast modulates stability of select mRNAs to maintain protein homeostasis

    Philipp Kimmig et al.
    A unique form of regulation has been observed in the unfolded protein response of S. pombe, along with a novel mechanism of post-transcriptional mRNA processing.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide is a functional receptor for human hepatitis B and D virus

    Huan Yan et al.
    Biochemical and genetic tests have revealed that a liver protein called NTCP is a functional receptor for hepatitis B and D viruses, which should lead to an improved understanding of the infections caused by these viruses and assist the development of new intervention strategies.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    UNC93B1 mediates differential trafficking of endosomal TLRs

    Bettina L Lee et al.
    A transmembrane protein uses distinct mechanisms to regulate the movement of specific toll-like receptors-key immune system components involved in detecting pathogens-to their final locations inside cells.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural analyses at pseudo atomic resolution of Chikungunya virus and antibodies show mechanisms of neutralization

    Siyang Sun et al.
    Electron cryo-microscopy has been used to determine the structure of Chikungunya virus-like particles and to provide new insights into their interactions with four different antibodies.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Cell Biology: Opening up new fronts in the fight against cholesterol

    Russell A DeBose-Boyd, Jay D Horton
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    1. Cell Biology

    TRPM5-mediated calcium uptake regulates mucin secretion from human colon goblet cells

    Sandra Mitrovic et al.
    Goblet cells secrete mucins—which are key components of mucus—in a process that is regulated by calcium ions, which enter the goblet cells via a mechanism involving a channel protein called TRPM5.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Pharmacological brake-release of mRNA translation enhances cognitive memory

    Carmela Sidrauski et al.
    A compound that prevents stressors such as UV light and viral infection from downregulating protein synthesis inside cells improves memory performance in mice.
    1. Cell Biology

    Stapled Golgi cisternae remain in place as cargo passes through the stack

    Gregory Lavieu et al.
    The cisternae of the Golgi contain two functionally distinct domains: the central areas, which remain stationary, and the edges or rims, which are mobile.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cell Biology: Hopping rim to rim through the Golgi

    Suzanne R Pfeffer
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Fungal effector Ecp6 outcompetes host immune receptor for chitin binding through intrachain LysM dimerization

    Andrea Sánchez-Vallet et al.
    Structural and biochemical analysis of a protein called Ecp6, which is produced by a tomato fungus, reveals how the protein prevents plants from launching an immune response to the chitin in fungal cell walls.

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