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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The ribosomal P-stalk couples amino acid starvation to GCN2 activation in mammalian cells

    Heather P Harding et al.
    Genetic lesions that compromise the ribosome P-stalk implicate direct signalling from the ribosome to the translation initiation factor eIF2 kinase GCN2 in the cellular response to amino acid starvation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Cell-based HTS identifies a chemical chaperone for preventing ER protein aggregation and proteotoxicity

    Keisuke Kitakaze et al.
    Cell-based high-throughput screening identifies IBT21 as a chemical chaperone, that inhibits ER protein aggregation and prevents the cell death caused by a proteotoxin, the aggregation-prone prion protein.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Deep evolutionary analysis reveals the design principles of fold A glycosyltransferases

    Rahil Taujale et al.
    Deep mining of GT-A fold sequences provides an evolutionary framework for investigating complex relationships connecting GT-A fold sequence, structure, function and regulation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Endothelial heterogeneity across distinct vascular beds during homeostasis and inflammation

    Ankit Jambusaria et al.
    Vascular endothelial cells in the brain, heart and lung exhibit tissue-specific heterogeneity and plasticity, expressing genes that were traditionally thought to be only expressed by the surrounding parenchymal tissue cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Homologue replacement in the import motor of the mitochondrial inner membrane of trypanosomes

    Corinne von Känel et al.
    Mitochondrial inner membrane translocation of presequence-containing proteins by the single bifunctional TIM complex of T. brucei requires an non-canonical J domain-containing protein.
    1. Cell Biology

    Misfolded GPI-anchored proteins are escorted through the secretory pathway by ER-derived factors

    Eszter Zavodszky, Ramanujan S Hegde
    ER-resident chaperones and cargo receptors make excursions to the cell surface and endocytic compartments when they accompany misfolded clients to lysosomes for degradation.
    1. Cell Biology

    The proteasome biogenesis regulator Rpn4 cooperates with the unfolded protein response to promote ER stress resistance

    Rolf M Schmidt et al.
    Endoplasmic reticulum stress in yeast activates not only the UPR but also Rpn4, promoting the clearance of misfolded proteins from the cytosol as part of a modular cross-compartment stress response.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Synergy and remarkable specificity of antimicrobial peptides in vivo using a systematic knockout approach

    Mark Austin Hanson et al.
    While antimicrobial cocktails are highly effective for defence against pathogenic microbes, the innate immune response may instead employ highly specific peptidic antibiotics to combat certain natural enemies.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mannose receptor is an HIV restriction factor counteracted by Vpr in macrophages

    Jay Lubow et al.
    Interactions between HIV-1 Env and human mannose receptor enhance HIV entry but restrict viral egress and spread in the absence of Vpr.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Coordination of humoral immune factors dictates compatibility between Schistosoma mansoni and Biomphalaria glabrata

    Hongyu Li et al.
    A coordinated humoral immune response that includes recognition, effector and cytotoxic factors engages the cell-mediated immune response to defend a snail against infection by schistosome parasites.