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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    The glucuronyltransferase B4GAT1 is required for initiation of LARGE-mediated α-dystroglycan functional glycosylation

    Tobias Willer et al.
    Post-phosphoryl modification of α-dystroglycan requires the glucuronyltransferase B4GAT1; this enzyme synthesizes the acceptor glycan that serves as a primer for the glycosyltransferase LARGE to synthesize the laminin-binding glycan.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Regulation of BMP4/Dpp retrotranslocation and signaling by deglycosylation

    Antonio Galeone et al.
    The cytoplasmic enzyme N-glycanase 1 plays an evolutionary conserved role in promoting the ERAD-mediated retrotranslocation of misfolded Dpp/BMP4 from the ER, thereby allowing BMP signaling in specific contexts.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Glycolysis and glutaminolysis cooperatively control T cell function by limiting metabolite supply to N-glycosylation

    Lindsey Araujo et al.
    Metabolic switches between oxidative phosphorylation and aerobic glycolysis plus glutaminolysis direct T cell function by altering the flux of glucose and glutamine to N-glycosylation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    N-glycosylation in the protease domain of trypsin-like serine proteases mediates calnexin-assisted protein folding

    Hao Wang et al.
    N-glycans commonly present in the protease domains are required for calnexin-mediated protein folding and intracellular trafficking.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Unconventional secretory processing diversifies neuronal ion channel properties

    Cyril Hanus et al.
    Imaging, quantitative immunoblotting and mass spectrometry reveal that hundreds of surface-expressed neuronal membrane proteins exhibit atypical glycosylation profiles, resulting in changes in protein half-life and synaptic responses.
    1. Plant Biology

    Altered N-glycan composition impacts flagella-mediated adhesion in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii

    Nannan Xu et al.
    Adhesion force measurements reveal that proper N-glycosylation of flagellar membrane proteins is crucial for adhering C. reinhardtii cells onto surfaces.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Fucosylation and protein glycosylation create functional receptors for cholera toxin

    Amberlyn M Wands et al.
    Cholera intoxication of human colonic epithelial cells is dependent on recognition of protein glycosylation and fucosylation, not exclusively on ganglioside recognition as proposed previously.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Glycan modification of antigen alters its intracellular routing in dendritic cells, promoting priming of T cells

    Ingeborg Streng-Ouwehand et al.
    Controlled neo-glycosylation of antigens can influence intracellular routing of antigens and the nature and strength of immune response, and should therefore be considered as a major determinant in the design of vaccines against cancer and infectious diseases.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A structural mechanism for bacterial autotransporter glycosylation by a dodecameric heptosyltransferase family

    Qing Yao et al.
    Protein heptosyltransferases modify a group of bacterial autotransporters for virulence function and employ a novel structural mechanism for the processive hyperglycosylation of the autotransporter.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Inhibition of SARS-CoV-2 viral entry upon blocking N- and O-glycan elaboration

    Qi Yang et al.
    A critical role for glycosylation on viral entry and methods to use this knowledge to reduce SARS-CoV-2 infectivity has been demonstrated.