61 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Predicted glycosyltransferases promote development and prevent spurious cell clumping in the choanoflagellate S. rosetta

    Laura A Wetzel et al.
    A genetic screen reveals that two predicted glycosyltransferases promote rosette development and prevent cell clumping in one of the closest living relatives of animals, the choanoflagellate S. rosetta.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    TAPBPR bridges UDP-glucose:glycoprotein glucosyltransferase 1 onto MHC class I to provide quality control in the antigen presentation pathway

    Andreas Neerincx et al.
    The recently discovered peptide editor TAPBPR binds to UDP-glucose:glycoprotein glucosyltransferase 1 to provide quality control in the antigen presentation pathway by facilitating the reglucosylation of the glycan on MHC class I molecules.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A structural mechanism for bacterial autotransporter glycosylation by a dodecameric heptosyltransferase family

    Qing Yao et al.
    Protein heptosyltransferases modify a group of bacterial autotransporters for virulence function and employ a novel structural mechanism for the processive hyperglycosylation of the autotransporter.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    The glucuronyltransferase B4GAT1 is required for initiation of LARGE-mediated α-dystroglycan functional glycosylation

    Tobias Willer et al.
    Post-phosphoryl modification of α-dystroglycan requires the glucuronyltransferase B4GAT1; this enzyme synthesizes the acceptor glycan that serves as a primer for the glycosyltransferase LARGE to synthesize the laminin-binding glycan.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    O-GlcNAc on NOTCH1 EGF repeats regulates ligand-induced Notch signaling and vascular development in mammals

    Shogo Sawaguchi et al.
    The transfer of O-GlcNAc by EOGT to specific EGF repeats of NOTCH1 promotes DLL4 binding, Notch signaling, and retinal vascular development.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The interactome of the copper transporter ATP7A belongs to a network of neurodevelopmental and neurodegeneration factors

    Heather S Comstra et al.
    The ATP7A interactome is the first comprehensive view of putative Menkes disease neurodegeneration mechanisms.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Whole genome comparison of a large collection of mycobacteriophages reveals a continuum of phage genetic diversity

    Welkin H Pope et al.
    A continuum of genome relationships is discovered through comparative genomics of 627 sequenced mycobacteriophages isolated and characterized in an integrated research/education initiative.
    1. Cell Biology

    Inter-Golgi transport mediated by COPI-containing vesicles carrying small cargoes

    Patrina A Pellett et al.
    Evidence that certain proteins can be transported between Golgi via structures that resemble COPI vesicles suggests that these vesicles could also be involved in the transport of proteins from the cis to the trans face of the Golgi.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Abscisic acid dynamics in roots detected with genetically encoded FRET sensors

    Alexander M Jones et al.
    Fluorescent sensors for the hormone abscisic acid have been developed using a high-throughput platform, and used to monitor hormone dynamics in plant roots and leaves.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A novel sphingolipid-TORC1 pathway critically promotes postembryonic development in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Huanhu Zhu et al.
    A lipid acts to promote the development of nematode worm larvae through activation of an enzyme complex called TORC1.

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