366 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Adult stem cells and niche cells segregate gradually from common precursors that build the adult Drosophila ovary during pupal development

    Amy Reilein et al.
    Somatic stem and niche cells in the Drosophila ovary develop from common precursors through regulated proliferative expansion, followed by acquisition of position-specific behaviors, rather than through rigid early specification events.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conformational changes in twitchin kinase in vivo revealed by FRET imaging of freely moving C. elegans

    Daniel Porto et al.
    Quantitative FRET imaging in moving C. elegans shows that stretch-unfolding of twitchin kinase occurs in the active muscle, whereby mechanical activity titrates the signaling pathway of this cytoskeletal kinase.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Microglia and CD206+ border-associated mouse macrophages maintain their embryonic origin during Alzheimer’s disease

    Xiaoting Wu et al.
    Inducible fate-mapping analysis demonstrates that neither microglia, CD11c+ activated microglia nor border-associated macrophages are replenished by bone marrow-derived cells in Alzheimer’s disease.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    MACF1 controls skeletal muscle function through the microtubule-dependent localization of extra-synaptic myonuclei and mitochondria biogenesis

    Alireza Ghasemizadeh et al.
    Maintenance of peripheral myonuclei patterning in skeletal myofibers is dependent on the regulation of microtubules dynamic and nuclei motion and is essential for proper neuromuscular junction integrity and mitochondria homeostasis.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Common host variation drives malaria parasite fitness in healthy human red cells

    Emily R Ebel et al.
    Human red blood cells from healthy donors display marked biophysical and genetic variation that impacts the growth of Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites, outside of known disease alleles.
    1. Developmental Biology

    End-of-life targeted degradation of DAF-2 insulin/IGF-1 receptor promotes longevity free from growth-related pathologies

    Richard Venz et al.
    Inducible degradation of the insulin/insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor shows that a doubling in lifespan is possible even at extremely old ages in an organism.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Local adaptation and archaic introgression shape global diversity at human structural variant loci

    Stephanie M Yan et al.
    Graph genotyping of structural variation in diverse human populations reveals functional associations and signatures of local adaptation within poorly resolved regions of the genome.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Y chromosome functions in mammalian spermatogenesis

    Jeremie Subrini, James Turner
    The mammalian Y chromosome has become specialised for male fertility, but exact functions of individual Y genes remain poorly understood, a knowledge gap that new approaches can bridge.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    PRMT5 regulates ovarian follicle development by facilitating Wt1 translation

    Min Chen et al.
    PRMT5 participates in ovarian granulosa cell lineage maintenance by regulating Wt1 IRES-dependent translation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Effects of common mutations in the SARS-CoV-2 Spike RBD and its ligand, the human ACE2 receptor on binding affinity and kinetics

    Michael I Barton et al.
    Common variants of the SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein and its ligand, the human ACE2 receptor, increase the binding affinity, suggesting that they could increase viral transmissibility.

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