3,300 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Target-specific membrane potential dynamics of neocortical projection neurons during goal-directed behavior

    Takayuki Yamashita, Carl CH Petersen
    A learning-induced, motor-related, projection-specific signal from S1 to S2 accompanies reward-based-learning of a goal-directed sensorimotor transformation of whisker sensation into licking motor output.
    1. Neuroscience

    Recurrent network model for learning goal-directed sequences through reverse replay

    Tatsuya Haga, Tomoki Fukai
    The combination of short-term and long-term plasticity enables hippocampus to learn goal-directed paths through replay in a reversed order.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Characterizing a psychiatric symptom dimension related to deficits in goal-directed control

    Claire M Gillan et al.
    A dimensional approach to psychiatry demonstrates the specificity and generalizability of a neurocognitive marker of compulsive behavior and intrusive thought via large-scale online testing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Modular organization of cerebellar climbing fiber inputs during goal-directed behavior

    Shinichiro Tsutsumi et al.
    Motor and non-motor functions are represented in spatially segregated and temporally organized climbing fiber signals to distinct cerebellar zones during goal-directed behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mediodorsal thalamus is required for discrete phases of goal-directed behavior in macaques

    Evan Wicker et al.
    Transient suppression of activity in the macaque mediodorsal thalamus impairs adjustment of secondary reinforcer values and disrupts appropriate action selection in a reinforcer devaluation task; this profile is distinct from that of amygdala or subregions of orbitofrontal cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Thalamocortical and corticothalamic pathways differentially contribute to goal-directed behaviors in the rat

    Fabien Alcaraz et al.
    Adaptive decision-making critically depends on antiparallel flows conveying distinct information within thalamocortical circuits, highlighting directionality of functional exchanges as a neural principle potentially at play in virtually any brain circuit with reciprocal projections.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural activity in cortico-basal ganglia circuits of juvenile songbirds encodes performance during goal-directed learning

    Jennifer M Achiro et al.
    Activity in cortico-basal ganglia circuits of juvenile songbirds reflects evaluative signals necessary for comparing self-generated behavior to a goal representation during skill learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Computational mechanisms of curiosity and goal-directed exploration

    Philipp Schwartenbeck et al.
    Distinct computational levels of uncertainty compel agents to gain information about hidden states in the world (‘active inference’) or optimise their ‘world model’ as such (‘active learning’).
    1. Neuroscience

    Interactions between stimulus and response types are more strongly represented in the entorhinal cortex than in its upstream regions in rats

    Eun-Hye Park et al.
    Goal-directed interaction with objects and spatial navigation are subserved by the perirhinal-lateral entorhinal networks and the postrhinal-medial entorhinal networks, respectively, with action-based functional differentiation more strongly represented in the entorhinal cortex than its upstream.
    1. Neuroscience

    Unusual prism adaptation reveals how grasping is controlled

    Willemijn D Schot et al.
    Adapting single-digit movements in opposite directions makes people open their grip in accordance with the adaptations of the individual digits, showing that grip aperture arises from goal-directed movements of the digits rather than being controlled independently.

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