3,436 results found
    1. Ecology

    Global gradients in intertidal species richness and functional groups

    Jakob Thyrring, Lloyd S Peck
    No discernible latitudinal diversity gradient in rocky intertidal α-diversity as local-scale physical and biological processes outweigh global-scale environmental gradients.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Feedback regulation of cytoneme-mediated transport shapes a tissue-specific FGF morphogen gradient

    Lijuan Du et al.
    FGF morphogen gradient self-generates a recipient tissue-specific contour by feedback-regulating its cytoneme-mediated dispersion.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Cellular interpretation of the long-range gradient of Four-jointed activity in the Drosophila wing

    Rosalind Hale et al.
    Opposing gradients of Fat and Dachsous phosphorylation are sufficient to explain the observed pattern of Fat-Dachsous planar polarisation across the Drosophila wing.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Systems biology derived source-sink mechanism of BMP gradient formation

    Joseph Zinski et al.
    Embryo-wide quantitative analysis of BMP signaling in zebrafish embryos, combined with a mathematical model-based computational screen, challenges the prevailing model of an antagonist counter-gradient shaping the gastrula BMP morphogen gradient and supports an antagonist sink with BMP diffusion mechanism.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Extracellular interactions and ligand degradation shape the nodal morphogen gradient

    Yin Wang et al.
    Diffusivity, extracellular interactions of Nodal ligands with the receptors and inhibitors, and selective ligand destruction collectively shape the Nodal morphogen gradient.
    1. Cell Biology

    Multi-phosphorylation reaction and clustering tune Pom1 gradient mid-cell levels according to cell size

    Veneta Gerganova et al.
    Advanced microscopy techniques reveal that clusters of Pom1 kinase at the membrane represent the functional unit that shape the concentration gradients and modulate Pom1 mid-cell levels according to cell size.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Gradient-reading and mechano-effector machinery for netrin-1-induced axon guidance

    Kentarou Baba et al.
    Shootin1a, through its spatially regulated phosphorylation within growth cones, mediates the gradient reading and mechanoresponse for netrin-1-induced axon guidance.
    1. Cell Biology

    Reconstitution of self-organizing protein gradients as spatial cues in cell-free systems

    Katja Zieske, Petra Schwille
    A minimal cell-like system with defined geometry has been used to investigate the establishment and spatial control of a protein gradient that positions the bacterial cell division machinery.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gradients in the biophysical properties of neonatal auditory neurons align with synaptic contact position and the intensity coding map of inner hair cells

    Alexander L Markowitz, Radha Kalluri
    The biophysical diversity that is intrinsic to spiral ganglion neurons emerges as spatial gradients during early post-natal development and endures through subsequent maturation to likely contribute to sound intensity coding.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Proofreading through spatial gradients

    Vahe Galstyan et al.
    Theoretical study shows how enzymes can achieve substrate proofreading by taking advantage of existing molecular gradients in the cell while not being endowed with structural features typically required for proofreading.

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