913 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IRAK1-dependent Regnase-1-14-3-3 complex formation controls Regnase-1-mediated mRNA decay

    Kotaro Akaki et al.
    Regnase-1, an RNase suppressing proinflammatory mRNAs, interacts with 14-3-3, which diminishes cytokine mRNA recognition and the nuclear-cytoplasmic shuttling of Regnase-1 under inflammatory conditions.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    RNF43 inhibits WNT5A-driven signaling and suppresses melanoma invasion and resistance to the targeted therapy

    Tomasz Radaszkiewicz et al.
    RNF43 interacts with receptor complexes of the Wnt/PCP signaling and its enzymatic activity results in the reduced cells sensitivity to WNT5A what translates in melanoma into decreased invasive properties and increased response to targeted therapies of this skin cancer.
    1. Neuroscience

    NHE6 depletion corrects ApoE4-mediated synaptic impairments and reduces amyloid plaque load

    Theresa Pohlkamp et al.
    Genetic disruption of sodium-hydrogen exchanger 6 (NHE6) reduces amyloid plaques in humanized Alzheimer's disease mouse models and restores normal synaptic responses to neuromodulatory input in humanized ApoE4-expressing animals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Visual pursuit behavior in mice maintains the pursued prey on the retinal region with least optic flow

    Carl D Holmgren et al.
    Digital reconstruction of environment combined with eye and head-tracking enabled the process of prey-detection and capture to be seen from the freely moving mouse’s point-of-view and shows the exact visual-field and retinal location mice use when chasing prey and the advantage.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Myogenin controls via AKAP6 non-centrosomal microtubule-organizing center formation at the nuclear envelope

    Robert Becker et al.
    Myogenin promotes centrosome attenuation and establishes the nuclear envelope as the dominant microtubule organization center via the scaffold protein AKAP6, which is required for the recruitment of centrosomal proteins.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Microglia and CD206+ border-associated mouse macrophages maintain their embryonic origin during Alzheimer’s disease

    Xiaoting Wu et al.
    Inducible fate-mapping analysis demonstrates that neither microglia, CD11c+ activated microglia nor border-associated macrophages are replenished by bone marrow-derived cells in Alzheimer’s disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early life experience sets hard limits on motor learning as evidenced from artificial arm use

    Roni O Maimon-Mor et al.
    Biological- or artificial-arm experience during early development has a significant effect on artificial-arm motor control in adulthood, providing evidence for limited sensorimotor plasticity beyond childhood.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Optimal plasticity for memory maintenance during ongoing synaptic change

    Dhruva V Raman, Timothy O'Leary
    Simple mathematical reasoning shows that the large amount of synaptic turnover seen in many parts of the brain is in fact optimal for memory retention.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    An improved fluorescent noncanonical amino acid for measuring conformational distributions using time-resolved transition metal ion FRET

    William N Zagotta et al.
    Time-resolved transition metal ion fluorescence resonance energy transfer using a fluorescent, noncanonical amino acid donor and metal ion acceptor measures distances and distance distributions in proteins, allowing the equilibrium distributions among conformational states to be accurately determined.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Common host variation drives malaria parasite fitness in healthy human red cells

    Emily R Ebel et al.
    Human red blood cells from healthy donors display marked biophysical and genetic variation that impacts the growth of Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites, outside of known disease alleles.

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