1,096 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Point of View: Looking back and looking forward at Janelia

    Gerald M Rubin, Erin K O'Shea
    The Janelia Research Campus opened its doors 12 years ago: we describe the philosophy underpinning Janelia, the lessons learned, and plans for the future.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis of synaptic specificity by immunoglobulin superfamily receptors in Drosophila

    Shouqiang Cheng et al.
    Fly protein families Dprs and DIPs can create a multitude of complementary interfaces for homo- and heterophilic adhesion complexes, resulting in instructive roles for connectivity in the motor neuron circuitry.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    FACT and Ubp10 collaborate to modulate H2B deubiquitination and nucleosome dynamics

    Melesse Nune et al.
    The histone chaperone FACT and the deubiquitinating enzyme Ubp10 act in concert to remove ubiquitin from histone H2B in nucleosomes, and likely coordinate nucleosome assembly during DNA replication and transcription.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Determination of host proteins composing the microenvironment of coronavirus replicase complexes by proximity-labeling

    Philip V'kovski et al.
    The molecular microenvironment of coronaviral replicase complexes provides functional and spatial links between conserved cellular processes and viral RNA synthesis, and highlights potential targets for the development of novel antivirals.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 Vpu is a potent transcriptional suppressor of NF-κB-elicited antiviral immune responses

    Simon Langer et al.
    By inhibiting the activation of NF-κB, HIV-1 Vpu exerts much broader immunosuppressive effects than previously anticipated and may be an important determinant of chronic inflammation in HIV-1 infected individuals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Individuals physically interacting in a group rapidly coordinate their movement by estimating the collective goal

    Atsushi Takagi et al.
    A computational model of collective physical interaction reveals that individuals infer the collective's movement goal in order to enhance the group's overall performance and coordinate with several partners in seconds.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Species-specific maturation profiles of human, chimpanzee and bonobo neural cells

    Maria C Marchetto et al.
    Using iPSCs as a model to study neurodevelopmental differences between human and nonhuman primates lays the groundwork for understanding aspects of human brain evolution and neurological disease susceptibility.
    1. Neuroscience

    Real-time experimental control using network-based parallel processing

    Byounghoon Kim et al.
    The Real-Time Experimental Control with Graphical User Interface (REC-GUI) framework can facilitate cutting-edge neuroscience research by providing precise experimental control using high-level programming environments familiar to many experimentalists.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The Acinetobacter baumannii Mla system and glycerophospholipid transport to the outer membrane

    Cassandra Kamischke et al.
    An Acinetobacter baumannii ABC transporter likely facilitates transport of glycerophospholipids from the inner to the outer membrane.
    1. Neuroscience

    Humans strategically shift decision bias by flexibly adjusting sensory evidence accumulation

    Niels A Kloosterman et al.
    Decision-makers are able to intentionally control neural excitability to strategically bias sensory evidence accumulation towards the decision bound that maximizes reward within a given ecological context.

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