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    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Science Forum: An open investigation of the reproducibility of cancer biology research

    Timothy M Errington et al.
    The Reproducibility Project: Cancer Biology will generate a high-quality dataset to explore questions about the reproducibility of research, and will make all data, analysis and other research materials openly available to the research community.
  1. Research: The readability of scientific texts is decreasing over time

    Pontus Plavén-Sigray et al.
    Scientific abstracts have become less readable over the past 130 years, in part because recent texts include more general scientific jargon than older texts.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    PPP1R15A-mediated dephosphorylation of eIF2α is unaffected by Sephin1 or Guanabenz

    Ana Crespillo-Casado et al.
    The notion that the drug-like small molecule Sephin1 protects against protein misfolding by selectively disrupting a cellular phosphatase is refuted.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanosensory neurons control the timing of spinal microcircuit selection during locomotion

    Steven Knafo et al.
    Bioluminescence monitoring and selective silencing in zebrafish larva reveal a novel sensorimotor circuit modulating speed in the moving spinal cord.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    T cell receptor repertoires of mice and humans are clustered in similarity networks around conserved public CDR3 sequences

    Asaf Madi et al.
    A new perception of the organization of T-cell receptor repertoires in mice and humans, based on high-throughput sequencing and CDR3 sequence similarity, indicates hubs of cross-species public sequences forming evolutionary conserved 'foci of attention' of T cell immunity.
    1. Neuroscience

    A subset of ipRGCs regulates both maturation of the circadian clock and segregation of retinogeniculate projections in mice

    Kylie S Chew et al.
    A single subpopulation of photoreceptors constitutes a shared node in the neural networks that regulate light-dependent maturation of the circadian clock and light-independent refinement of retinal ganglion cell projections to the brain.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Adaptive tuning of mutation rates allows fast response to lethal stress in Escherichia coli

    Toon Swings et al.
    Population mutation rates are highly flexible and evolvable under extreme stress conditions, matching changes in selective pressure to avoid extinction of the entire population.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Metabolite exchange between microbiome members produces compounds that influence Drosophila behavior

    Caleb N Fischer et al.
    Interactions between fungal and bacterial microbiome members alter Drosophila melanogaster's chemical environment, affecting host behavior and survival.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Decoupling global biases and local interactions between cell biological variables

    Assaf Zaritsky et al.
    DeBias is a generic method to decompose and quantify the confounding, global factors and direct interactions of pairwise interacting variables.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sloppy morphological tuning in identified neurons of the crustacean stomatogastric ganglion

    Adriane G Otopalik et al.
    Reliable neuronal physiology can arise from variable and inefficient morphologies.